answersLogoWhite

0


Best Answer

They both stay open.

If sodium channels were to remain closed, there wouldn't be any repolarization. The Potassium concentration gradient would keep pumping Potassium ions out of the cell and the Potassium electrical gradient would drive Potassium ions into the cell, thus maintaining the equilibrium potential of -90 mV.

No repolarization would occur if the sodium channels are closed.

The above is not correct.

During the depolarization phase, BOTH VOLTAGE-GATED SODIUM & POTASSIUM channels open.

Once the cell reaches close to sodium's equilibrium potential, the VOLTAGE-GATED sodium channel closes.

The VOLTAGE-GATED potassium channel opens around this time

(The voltage gated potassium channel is very slow to open; it fully opens around the same time the voltage gated sodium channel closes) causing repolarization.

The cell experiences hyperpolarization because the voltage gated potassium is also slow to close.

Once fully closed, the cell depolarizes back to resting potential.

Also, the picture is a picture of the AP in cardiac muscle which differ from skeletal muscle.

The plateau is due to voltage-gated calcium channel that opens during the AP.

User Avatar

Wiki User

9y ago
This answer is:
User Avatar
More answers
User Avatar

AnswerBot

2w ago

Yes, during the repolarization phase of the action potential, potassium channels open allowing potassium ions to flow out of the cell, which helps to restore the cell's negative resting membrane potential. At the same time, sodium channels are inactivated and closed, preventing further influx of sodium ions into the cell.

This answer is:
User Avatar

Add your answer:

Earn +20 pts
Q: Do potassium channels open and sodium channels close during repolarization phase of the action potential?
Write your answer...
Submit
Still have questions?
magnify glass
imp
Continue Learning about Natural Sciences

Corresponds to the period of repolarization of the neuron?

The period of repolarization of a neuron corresponds to the time when potassium ions move out of the neuron, allowing the cell to return to its resting potential. This phase follows the peak of the action potential when sodium channels close and potassium channels open, leading to membrane potential restoration. Repolarization is essential for the neuron to be able to generate subsequent action potentials.


During an action potential repolarization occurs as a result of?

During an action potential, repolarization occurs as a result of the opening of voltage-gated potassium channels. These channels allow potassium ions to flow out of the cell, leading to a decrease in membrane potential back towards the resting state. Repolarization is essential for resetting the neuron and allowing it to fire another action potential.


The stage in an action potential that immediately follows depolarization is?

The stage that immediately follows depolarization in an action potential is repolarization. During this stage, potassium channels open and potassium ions move out of the cell, leading to a restoration of the cell's negative charge.


Why do not action potentials occur during the repolarization phase?

During the repolarization phase, the voltage-gated sodium channels are inactivated and unable to open in response to stimuli. This prevents the generation of new action potentials until the membrane potential returns to its resting state. Additionally, the efflux of potassium ions during repolarization helps restore the membrane potential to its resting level, making it less likely for a new action potential to occur.


Immediately after a action potential has peaked which cell gate opens?

The potassium (K+) channel gate opens immediately after an action potential has peaked. This allows potassium ions to flow out of the cell, resulting in repolarization of the membrane potential back to its resting state.

Related questions

Potassium channels open late in the action potential to cause membrane?

repolarization by allowing potassium ions to flow out of the cell, restoring the negative resting membrane potential. This helps terminate the action potential and allows the cell to prepare for the next stimulus. The delayed opening of potassium channels helps ensure proper signaling and coordination of cellular functions.


Corresponds to the period of repolarization of the neuron?

The period of repolarization of a neuron corresponds to the time when potassium ions move out of the neuron, allowing the cell to return to its resting potential. This phase follows the peak of the action potential when sodium channels close and potassium channels open, leading to membrane potential restoration. Repolarization is essential for the neuron to be able to generate subsequent action potentials.


During an action potential repolarization occurs as a result of?

During an action potential, repolarization occurs as a result of the opening of voltage-gated potassium channels. These channels allow potassium ions to flow out of the cell, leading to a decrease in membrane potential back towards the resting state. Repolarization is essential for resetting the neuron and allowing it to fire another action potential.


The stage in an action potential that immediately follows depolarization is?

The stage that immediately follows depolarization in an action potential is repolarization. During this stage, potassium channels open and potassium ions move out of the cell, leading to a restoration of the cell's negative charge.


Why do not action potentials occur during the repolarization phase?

During the repolarization phase, the voltage-gated sodium channels are inactivated and unable to open in response to stimuli. This prevents the generation of new action potentials until the membrane potential returns to its resting state. Additionally, the efflux of potassium ions during repolarization helps restore the membrane potential to its resting level, making it less likely for a new action potential to occur.


Immediately after a action potential has peaked which cell gate opens?

The potassium (K+) channel gate opens immediately after an action potential has peaked. This allows potassium ions to flow out of the cell, resulting in repolarization of the membrane potential back to its resting state.


What effect does the opening of the potassium channels have on the charge difference across the neuron's membrane?

Opening of potassium channels allows potassium ions to move out of the neuron, leading to hyperpolarization by increasing the negative charge inside the neuron. This action increases the charge difference across the membrane, known as the resting membrane potential, making the neuron less likely to fire an action potential.


What is the stage in an action potential that immediately follow depolarisation?

The stage that immediately follows depolarization in an action potential is repolarization. During repolarization, potassium ions move out of the cell, causing the membrane potential to return to its resting state.


What occurs in repolarization?

Repolarization is the phase in which the membrane potential returns to its resting state after depolarization. This is achieved by the outflow of potassium ions from the cell, restoring the negative charge within the cell relative to the outside. Repolarization is crucial for resetting the cell's electrical potential and preparing it for the next action potential.


In which direction do potassium ions flow as the action potential passes?

Potassium ions flow out of the neuron during the repolarization phase of the action potential, moving down their concentration gradient. This helps to restore the neuron's resting membrane potential.


During the action potential?

During the action potential, there is a depolarization phase where the cell membrane potential becomes less negative, followed by repolarization where it returns to its resting state. This involves the influx of sodium ions and efflux of potassium ions through voltage-gated channels. The action potential is a brief electrical signal that travels along the membrane of a neuron or muscle cell.


What helps maintain the resting potential of a neuron?

During resting potential, the Sodium-Potassium pump is inactive. Therefore, it is indirectly responsible for the resting potential. However, Potassium diffuses outside the membrane via "leakage" channels, and causes the resting potential.