Best Answer

a neurosurgical procedure, a form of psychosurgery, also known as a leukotomy or leucotomy (from Greek leukos: clear or white and tomos meaning "cut/slice"). It consists of cutting the connections to and from the prefrontal cortex. Lobotomies have now fallen out of use, as doctors use various drugs and psychological therapies to treat mental illnesses. Lobotomies were used mainly from the 1930s to 1950s to treat a wide range of severe disorders, including schizophrenia, clinical depression, and various anxiety disorders, as well as people who were considered a nuisance by demonstrating behavior characterized as, for example, "moodiness" or "youthful defiance". The patient's informed consent in the modern sense was often not obtained. After the introduction of the antipsychotic chlorpromazine (Thorazine), lobotomies fell out of common use and the procedure has since been characterized "as one of the most barbaric mistakes ever perpetrated by mainstream medicine".

A damning portrayal of the procedure is found in Ken Kesey's 1962 novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and its 1975 movie adaptation. Several patients in the mental ward receive lobotomies in order to discipline or calm them. The operation is described as brutal and abusive, a "frontal-lobe castration." The book's narrator, Chief Bromden, is shocked: "There's nothin' in the face. Just like one of those store dummies." One patient's surgery changes him from an acute to a chronic mental condition. "You can see by his eyes how they burned him out over there; his eyes are all smoked up and gray and deserted inside."

Taken from Wikipedia

User Avatar

Wiki User

14y ago
This answer is:
User Avatar
More answers
User Avatar

Wiki User

14y ago

A lobotomy is a very basic form of brain surgery where the two halves of the brain are separated by severing part of the nervestem which joins them. (There were many cases where the surgery was performed by pushing an icepick up the patient's nose).

In the 1950's lobotomies became very popular as a quick-fix treatment for conditions as different as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder - about 50,000 American patients were lobotomised, often before any proper diagnosis had been performed.

Randle McMurphy is lobotomised in the novel One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest because he is considered a 'difficult' person: specifically, he has had consensual sex with a legal minor. Effectively the lobotomy leaves McMurphy a vegetable - a common result of the lobotomies which were carried out in American mental hospitals of the time.

This answer is:
User Avatar

Add your answer:

Earn +20 pts
Q: What is a lobotomy what is it for and why did they give randall p macmurphy one in the movie one flew over the cuckoo's nest?
Write your answer...
Still have questions?
magnify glass
Related questions

In the movie the Breakfast Club What does John say he needs to become just like Andrew?

lobotomy and tights

Is Ben Randall the coast guard rescue swimmer dead?

The character Ben Randall from the 2006 movie the guardian was not based on a real person.

Who played Randall and Hopkirk in remake of the film Randall and Hopkirk Deceased?

As far as I know there's never been a movie of Randall & Hopkirk. The 2000 remake of the tv series starred Vic Reeves & Bob Mortimer.

Who directed the movie Pearl Harbor?

Jerry bruckhelmes and randall wallace.

What movie has kids with white hair that can read minds?

"Village of The Damned", made in 1960, based on the John Wyndham novel, "The Midwich Cuckoos." There was a remake in 1995.

Who did Steven Buscemi play in the movie Monsters Inc?

Steve Buscemi provides the voice for Randall Boggs in the movie, Monsters, Inc.

Who's playing Grandpa Gohan in the Dragon ball movie?

Randall Duk Kim is playing him.

What actors and actresses appeared in Kallang Roar the Movie - 2008?

The cast of Kallang Roar the Movie - 2008 includes: Randall Tan as Mat Noh

Did Taylor swift play in one who flew over the cooh cooh nest?

No. Taylor Swift was not in the movie "One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest" but she does resemble the actress who played the character of Candy.

What is the title of a movie made in the fifties or sixties with a lion in it the lion lived in the house or apartment it is a comedy?

"Fluffy" (1965). It starred Tony Randall and Shirley Jones.

What movie and television projects has Jerry Randall been in?

Jerry Randall has: Played The Boston Strong Girl in "The Beverly Hillbillies" in 1962. Played Peter in "Then Came Bronson" in 1969. Played Candy in "Angel Unchained" in 1970. Performed in "Harold and Maude" in 1971. Played Arnie in "The Rookies" in 1972.

What movie and television projects has Randall Law been in?

Randall Law has: Played Friend in "The Inspiration of Barack" in 2008. Played Malvo in "Aftermath with William Shatner" in 2010. Played Background in "Hot Dog Water" in 2011. Played Boxer in "Trigger" in 2012. Played Mike in "Trust" in 2014.