A symbol of working women
Rosie the Riveter was a fictional character who represented about six million American women employed in war material manufacturing during WW2.
Rosie the Riveter was a media Propaganda creation devised to encourage women to fill in for men while they were fighting World War II. Rosie The Riveter was also the name given to the woman depicted on many of the propaganda posters. In the most famous one, she is wearing a red and white bandanna to cover her hair, and she has rolled back the sleeve of her blue coverall to expose a flexed bicep. The expression on her face was confident and determined. The caption above her head reads, "We Can Do It!" in bold letters.
J. Howard Miller, an artist then working for Westinghouse, painted the poster captioned We Can Do It! in February 1942 in support of the war effort. The poster was based on a wire photo of 17-year-old Geraldine Doyle working in a Michigan factory. Miller's poster prompted the painting of Rosie the Riveter by artist Norman Rockwell, which was published on the May 29, 1943 cover of the Saturday Evening Post. Rockwell's painting shows a woman with a riveting tool and wearing working clothes while eating a sandwich from a lunch box with the name Rosie painted on it. The woman in the painting was a composite drawing of several women, many of whom can rightfully claim to have been one of the original Rosies.
A symbol of working women
Rosie the Riveter was a symbol for the American woman during World War II. She stood for the strength of the woman while the man was gone and encouraged women to go into fields such as manufacturing to support the effort. The actual Riveter was Rosaria Montincio.
Rosie the Riveter was very important because she helped women in WW2 have more hope in become successful, job wise. She was a woman who was made up but her role in WW2 was that she made airplanes.
WWII GI's were being released from the service, and went after jobs. At the time it was commonly thought that a woman's place was in the home and the man should be the breadwinner. Women had been hired during WWII because there were not enough men to do the work, especially with so many men in the armed forces fighting overseas, and increased pressure to increase wartime production in factories. So thousands joined the workforce for the first time, often doing hard physical jobs in wartime factories, leading to the figure of "Rosie the Riveter". BUT, when the soldiers returned after the war, the old conventions were again followed, with women being fired and returning GI's being hired in their place. After all, women may 'want' to work, but the men NEEDED to work to be the breadwinners in their post-WWII families. Note I do not agree with those attitudes or actions, but that is what lead to many women becoming unemployed after the war. ... or so I have read and been told. Paul H.
I would name three main groups who gained new opportunities in the US because of WWII.WomenThe workforce mobilization engendered by WWII in the US was staggering. Companies -- especially those involved in war production -- went almost overnight from posting signs turning away unemployed men to actively recruiting unemployed women. Even today's schoolkids have heard of "Rosie the Riveter," who became the archetype of female workers across the country. While the trend of women in the workplace retreated in the post-war years, it rebounded strongly in the 1970s and is an undeniable force today.VeteransDuring and after the war, veterans were a class of people that enjoyed never-before opportunities in the US. Through the "GI Bill," veterans were offered college loans and grants and other government subsidies -- most notably home loans at favorable rates and terms -- that no other sector of the population had access to.ScientistsBefore WWII, science was something seldom talked about publicly. Medical science, for example, was still so weak that it couldn't prevent or treat the influenza pandemic in the 19-teens. Medical science was phenomenally advanced during WWII. Sulfa gave way to penicillin!But German scientists working in other fields figured out how to make unmanned aerial vehicles -- yeah, UAVs -- and launched them with aggravating regularity toward London, Antwerp, and other targets of opportunity. Thousands died as a result of this scientific breakthrough.As science became the clear gateway to technological superiority among warring parties, nations courted scientists, much as princes court potential princesses.Many of the scientists involved in the Manhattan Project had German names. That is because they were born and raised in Germany.
Not immediately. The first year or two right after the war was over were years of dislocation. Returning discharged servicemen were jokingly said to be members of the "52-20" club. They were given $20 per week unemployment benefits for fifty-two weeks. All construction materials went to the military during the war, so there were no new houses built during the war. All civilian factories had been converted over to war production, which had meant there were no new consumer goods to buy while the war was going on - no new washing machines, no new cars were produced between 1942-46. Now the war contracts for these factories were canceled and the workers were laid off while the factories retooled to go back to making civilian items. Shipyards stopped right in the middle of building ships and left them sitting half-finished on the ways.But, many returning servicemen had saved their money. Many war-workers had done the same - they were working ninety hours a week in many cases (incredible overtime fat paychecks) and so had no time to spend money and there was nothing to spend it on anyway. Other civilians had invested in war bonds, the patriotic thing to do. So there was a massive amount of cash burning big holes in peoples' pockets, and finally, at long last, there was about to be something to buy. These people had all grown up in, or lived through, the Great Depression of the 1930s, when nobody had a job or any money. There was a lot of catching up to do.Returning servicemen had another benefit in the GI Bill - a one-time, no questions asked home loan. Construction had lagged since the 20s as few people could afford a house, and there was an IMMENSE postwar home-building boom, fueled by GI Loans and war workers putting their savings into a new place. Factories of all kinds offered good paying jobs (though Rosie the Riveter was not especially welcome - she was supposed to go home and be a housewife and give her job back to a returned serviceman). The factories cranked out civilian goods of all kinds which were eagerly snapped up. Television came of age by 1948, and America moved inside that year to sit in front of the idiot box and has stayed there since every evening. Factories had to build TVs, and rooftop antennas, and people had to install the antennas on every house.This postwar prosperity lasted for years, well into the 1960s, before Lyndon Johnson proved what a big, fat idiot he was by trying to have his "Great Society" programs, and fight a stupid war 12,000 miles away, and do ALL of this without raising taxes, which set the US economy on a downward death spiral which we're still riding toward the crash. When Eisenhower was president, in eight years, the Gross Domestic Product and the average family income doubled. DOUBLED. And this was real buying power, not just twice as many inflated dollars each worth half what they had been. We'll never see that again. Its one reason people are nostalgic about the 50s - life genuinely, really got dramatically better for most Americans.
The duration of Rosie the Riveter - film - is 1.25 hours.
Rosie the Riveter was patriotic wartime propaganda. It was not a political advertisement.
The purpose of Rosie the Riveter is to tell women that we can be strong and we can help out in World War 2
posters showing Rosie at war work
The female icon who represented woman who worked in factories during world war 2 in order to fill the vacancies left by the men enrolled in the service was Rosie the Riveter. She did not only represented feminism but also women's economic power.
The Life and Times of Rosie the Riveter - 1980 is rated/received certificates of: Australia:PG
A symbol of working women
Rosie the riveter
The term "Rosie the Riveter" , a fictional character , was first used in 1942 .
Rosie the Riveter - 1944 is rated/received certificates of: USA:Passed (National Board of Review) USA:Approved (PCA #9840)