santiago,san antonio,concepcion,Trinidad at Victoria (ang nakapunta sa pilipinas ay ang Victoria ngunit ang victoria din ang nakabalik sa Spain at iba na ang naging henete nito nung naka balik sa spain wag kayong maniwala na ang bumalik sa spain ay ang trinidad)Ang barkong trinidad ay ninakaw..Ang barkong san antonio ay sinunog...Ang barkong conception ay nasira dahil sa bagyo..Ang barkong victoria lamang ang nakauwi at ang barkong santiago ay umuwi..
Ang limang barko na ginamit ni Ferdinand Magellan sa kanilang paglalakbay ay ang barkong Trinidad, San Antonio, Concepcion, Santiago, Victoria.
Barkong Trinidad- isang maliit na barkong pampaglalayag na napakadaling pakilusin o maneobrahin. 110 tonelado, 55 tripulante ang sakay sa ilalim ng pamumuno ni Ferdinand Magellan.
Barkong San Antonio- 120 tonelada, 60 tripulante ang sakay na pinamunuan ni Juan de Cartagena.
Barkong Concepcion- 90 tonelada, 45 tripulante ang sakay na pinamunuan ni Gaspar de Quesada.
Barkong Santiago- 75 tonelada, 32 tripulante ang sakay na pinamunan ni Juan Serrano.
Barkong Victoria- Ang barkong Victoria ang tanging barkong nakabuo ng sirkumnabigasyon. 85 tonelada, 43 tripulante ang sakay na pinamumunuan ni Luis Mendoza. Ang arkong ito ay ipinangalan sa Santa Maria de la Victoria de Triana kung saan nanumpa ng katapatan si Magellan kay Haring Carlos V.
Noong Agosto 10, 1519, sa pamumuno ni Ferdinand Magellan ang limang barko ay lumisan sa Sevilla Espanya at sila ay naglakbay patungo sa ilog ng Guadalquivir patungong Sanlucar de Barrameda sa bukanan ng ilog. Nanatili sila doon ng higit sa 5 linggo.
Sino si Ferdinand Magellan? Si Ferdinand Magellan ay isang eksplorador na Portuges. Ipinanganak noong mga 1480 sa Vila Nova de Gaia, sa bansang Portugal. Siya ay anak nina Rodrigo de Magalhães at ni Alda de Mesquita. Nag-alok ng paglilingkod sa hari ng Espanya sa pamamagitan ng pamumuno niya sa isang ekspedisyon. Ito ang paghahanap ng bagong ruta patungong Moluccas Islands na kilala rin bilang “Spice Islands”. Siya ang kauna-unahang nakapaglayag na nagmula sa Europa pakanluran patungong Asya. Siya rin ang unang Europeo na nakatwid sa Karagatang Pasipiko, at nanguna sa unang ekspedisyon para sa sirkumnabegasyon ng daigdig. Namatay siya sa Pilipinas sa Labanan nila ni Lapu-lapu sa Mactan
Mga Pangyayari sa Paglalakbay ni Ferdinand Magellan Agosto 10, 1519- ang limang mga barko sa ilalim ng pamumuno ni Magallanes na Trinidad, San Antonio, Concepcion, Victoria at Santiago ay lumisan sa Sevilla, Espanya at tumungo sa Ilog Guadalquivir patungong Sanlucar de Barrameda sa bukanan ng ilog.
Setyembre 20, 1519- naglayag ang grupo ni Magellan.
Nobyembre 28, 1519- ang ekspedisyon ay tumawid sa ekwador.
Disyembre 6, 1519- natanaw ng mga tripulante ang Timog Amerika.
Disyembre 13, 1519- Dahil sa ang Brazil ay isang teritoryo ng Portugal, iniwasan ni Magallanes ito at nag-angkla sa ngayong Rio de Janeiro.
Enero 10, 1520- Narating ng armada ng Rio dela Plata.
Marso 30, 1520- itinatag ni Magallanes ang temporaryong tirahang tinatawag na Puerto San Julian.
Abril 1, 1520- isang pag-aalsa ay sumiklab na kinabibilangan ng tatlo sa limang mga kapitan ng barko.
Oktubre 21, 1520- narating ng armada ang Cape Virgenes at naniwalang kanilang natuklasan ang daan dahil ang mga katubigan ay maasin at malalim na panloob na lupain.
Nobyembre 1, 1520- Ang apat na barko ay naglayag sa 373 milya o 600 kilometrong daanan na tinawag ni Magallanes na Estrecho(Kanal) de Todos los Santos dahil sa ang armada ay naglakbay dito sa araw ng todos los santos.
Nobyembre 2, 1520- Unang itinakda ni Magallanes sa Concepcion at San Antonio na galugarin ang kipot ngunit ang huli na pinamunuan ni Gomez ay lumisan at bumalik sa Espanya. Nobyembre 28, 1520- ang tatlong natitirang barko ay pumasok sa Timog Pasipiko.
Pebrero 13, 1521- Sa paglalayag pahilagang-kanluran, narating nina Magallanes ang ekwador.
Marso 6, 1521- narating ang Marianas at Guam.
Marso 16,1521- natuklasan ang mga kabundukan ng ngayon ay Samar at pagkatapos ay dumating sa Suluan at mula dito ay narating ang Homonhon.
Marso 25, 1521- si Magallanes ay naglayag mula sa Homonhon at nakarating sa Mazaua.
Marso 31, 1521- ay idinaos ang unang misa ng Romano Katolisismo sa Mazaua.
Abril 4, 1521- si Magallanes at Kolambu ay naglayag patungo sa Cebu.
Abril 14, 1521- binautismuhan sa Romano Katolisismo ang dalawang mga rajah na sina Humabon at Kolambu.
Abril 28, 1521- si Magallanes ay nagpakilos ng mga 49 katao na may mga espada, kalasag, pana, at mga baril at naglayag para sa Mactan ayon ito kay Pigafetta. Namatay si Magellan sa labanan nila ni Lapu-lapu.
1522- Si Del Cano armada ni Magellan ay naglayag pakanluran at bumalik sa Espanya noong na bumubuo sa paglibot ng mundo.
Kahalagahan ng Paglalakbay ni Magellan
Natuklasan na ang mundo ay bilog.
Natuklasan ang bansang Pilipinas.
Naipalaganap ang Kristiyanismo.
Napatunayan ng kanyang ekspedisyon na kayang ikutin ang mundo.
Natuklasan niya ang anyong-tubig na nag-uugnay sa Atlantic Ocean at Pacific Ocean na tinawag na Strait of Magellan bilang parangal sa kaniya.
Para sa karagdagang kaalaman tungkol sa paksang ito, maaaring magpunta sa link na ito: Ano ang timeline ng ekspedisyon ni Magellan:
naging matagumpay siya naging tagumpay siya sa kanyang ekspidisyon ngunit namatay sya sa laban sa Mactan
Ano ano bansa ang sinakop ng
Magellan, Ferdinand (Portuguese, Fernão de Magalhães;Spanish, Fernando de Magallanes) (c. 1480-1521), Portuguese navigator and explorer, the first European to cross the Pacific Ocean and the first person to circumnavigate the globe.Magellan was born in Sabrosa, northern Portugal, of a noble Portuguese family. At the age of 12 he went to court as page to Queen Leonora, consort of the Portuguese King John II. In 1505 Magellan went on the first of several naval voyages to India, helping two successive viceroys, Francisco de Almeida and Diego Lopez de Sequira, to wrest control of key Indian trading ports from the Arabs. In 1509 he and his friend Francisco Serrão were involved in an unsuccessful attempt to take the Malayan port of Malacca (now Melaka). Serrão, and possibly Magellan, went on to Tenate in the Moluccas (then called the Spice Islands) in 1511-1512, marking the beginnings of a lucrative trade in cinnamon and nutmeg. Magellan returned to Portugal in 1512, was promoted to captain, and fought against the Moors in Morocco, where he received wounds that left him lame for life. After his request for an increase in his royal allowance was rejected by Emanuel, King of Portugal, who was indifferent also to Magellan's proposal for a voyage to the Moluccas, Magellan renounced his Portuguese nationality and in 1517 offered his services to the King of Spain, Charles I (later Holy Roman Emperor Charles V).Magellan had learnt from a variety of sources that the South American continent was probably not joined to the conjectured Great Southern Continent, and that it was likely that the riches of the Far East might be attained by sailing westward around the tip of South America. The route eastward was controlled by Portugal under the terms of the Treaty of Tordesillas. This had laid down a Line of Demarcation, to the east of which the Portuguese were given title, and to the west the Spanish. Since Portugal was strengthening its grip in the East Indies, it was clearly in Spain's interest to establish the position of the corresponding demarcation line on the opposite side of the Earth, in case any of the lucrative territories there fell within their zone. Nobody was certain which side of this line the Moluccas lay. The Spanish Crown was quick to endorse Magellan's plans and finance came from the German banking firm, the House of Fuggers.After a ceremonial departure from Seville on August 10, 1519, Magellan sailed from the coastal port of Sanlúcar de Barrameda on September 20 with five ships and some 250 men. Following the coast of Africa to Sierre Leone, they crossed the Atlantic and reached South America, exploring the Brazilian coast and in February 1520 reaching the River Plate estuary (which because of its size he mistook for the southern end of the continent). Here he sighted a mountain and shouted "Monte video" ("I see a mountain") so giving the name to the city, founded two centuries later, which became the capital of Uruguay. On March 31, as the southern winter was beginning, his fleet put into what is now Port San Julián, on the southern coast of Patagonia, where it remained for nearly six months. During that period the crew came to resent their Portuguese captain and a mutiny occurred, forcing Magellan to execute the ringleader. One of his ships was wrecked surveying the coast of Patagonia. On October 21, 1520, Magellan sailed into the passage to the Pacific Ocean that is now named after him, the Strait of Magellan. It took 38 days to navigate the treacherous strait, and the crew of the San Antonio deserted and returned to Spain. Fires were seen along the shores to the south, causing Magellan to name this land Tierra del Fuego (land of fire). After a journey of 530 km (330 mi), on November 28, 1520, his three ships sailed into the ocean, which Magellan named "Pacific" (meaning "peaceful") because of its calmness. They sailed northward along the west coast of South America, and then set out westward across the Pacific. Magellan's exact route is not known but he sailed north of the many islands of the South Pacific, only sighting the barren outcrops of the Tuamotu Archipelago (the Islands of Disappointment). By now they were running desperately short of food and fresh water, and many died of scurvy. The survivors resorted to chewing boiled leather, rats, and sawdust before reaching Guam in the Mariana Islands on March 6, 1521. They had been out of sight of land for 100 days. The natives were friendly and enabled them to resupply, but there was a tendency to pilfering , a cultural misunderstanding which led Magellan to call the islands the Ladrones (the Islands of Thieves).Sailing westward in search of the Moluccas, perhaps not realizing he was far to the north of them, after 10 days Magellan became the first European to see the Philippines, landing on the island of Cebu on April 7. There he made an alliance with the ruler of the island and agreed to aid him in an attack on the inhabitants of the neighbouring island of Mactan. Magellan was killed on April 27 during the Mactan expedition by a group of islanders led by their chief, Lapu-Lapu.Following Magellan's death, one of the vessels in his fleet was burned by its crew to prevent it being taken, but the other two escaped and reached the Moluccas on November 6, 1521. One of the vessels, the Victoria, commanded by Juan Sebastián del Cano, completed the circumnavigation of the globe, by way of the Cape of Good Hope, finally going ashore at Seville on September 9, 1522.Although Magellan did not live to complete the voyage, he did circumnavigate the globe (if he made the 1511 journey to the Moluccas) by passing the easternmost point he had reached on an earlier voyage.The cargo of spices carried back to Spain by the Victoriaalone paid for the expenses of the expedition. The passage through the Strait of Magellan was too long and difficult to be a practical route from Europe to the Moluccas, however, and Spain sold her interests there to Portugal. Nevertheless, the voyage laid the foundation for trade across the Pacific between the New World and the East, and although Spain did not immediately recognize the importance of the Philippines, before the end of the century Manila had become the greatest Spanish trading centre in the East.Magellan's circumnavigation, together with the earlier voyages of Vasco da Gama and Christopher Columbus, finally re-established in the popular imagination of Europeans that the world was a sphere, and demonstrated that the world's oceans were linked (since ancient Greek times Europeans had thought the Indian Ocean was landlocked). In addition, Magellan enabled cartographers for the first time to make an estimate of the true size and shape of South America, and the full vastness of the Pacific Ocean.Reviewed By:Shane Winsermultimedia2 itemsweb centreÄFind the best online information about Magellan, Ferdinand.Encarta Editors' ChoicesFerdinand MagellanThe first to sail around the worldmore...further readingThese sources provide additional information on Magellan, Ferdinand.
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