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Grounding is a direct path (that is, a wire, usually green) from the electrical outlet or switch back to the service panel, which sends stray current back to the service panel and then to the power plant along with the normal alternating current. This gives stray current a means to return to earth (which is what all electricity wants to do). If this path were not available, stray current would remain static until a pathway showed up (like, your finger, which would result in a shock). So, grounding protects you from dangerous shocks.

Bonding is connecting any metal or electrically conductive material to a grounding wire. An electrical outlet is attached to a metal box. A grounding wire is connected to the outlet. Its purpose is to return stray current from any device plugged into the outlet--like a toaster--back to the service panel. Connecting the metal box that contains the outlet to the outlet's grounding wire also grounds the box, so touching the box doesn't give you a shock. The connection is made with a wire screwed to the box, then connected to the green wire grounding the switch or outlet.

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Q: What is the difference between grounding and bonding?
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Related questions

What is the difference between ac and dc grounding?

The difference AC and DC grounding is that AC is alternate current and DC is direct current. Grounding for both AC and DC is the same.

What is the definition of the connection between the grounded circuit and the equipment grounding conductor at the service?

2008 NEC - Article 100 Definitions - Bonding Jumper, Main Main Bonding Jumper is the answer.

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Types of bonding: ionic (in salts), covalent (in organic compounds), metallic (in metals).

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To say that bonding is on a continuum means that the type of bonding changes gradually as the difference in electronegativity between atoms increases. There is no sharp distinction between polar covalent and ionic bonds.

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How to ground the server rack?

Data Centres can have up to 30 times the electrical density of a standard office building and with high safety and power demands. For safety reasons, low-voltage systems—such as electrical services, telecommunications equipment—are required to be bonded to ground per national and local electrical codes and industry standards. A server rack grounding system is essential to ensure data centre’s uptime. But before going into the detail of how grounding works well for your rack, let’s first see the key difference between Grounding and Bonding. Bonding is generally done as a protective measure from electrical shocks by joining the last of metallic pieces to form a conducting path. Grounding, however, is any intentional or unintentional connection between an electrical circuit and the earth. Grounding ensures all metal parts of an electrical circuit are connected to the earth. It doesn’t impact the regular working of the electrical system. Bonding alone does not manage to protect anything, but if one of the cabinet boxes is grounded, electrical energy stock up will not be possible and the server rack will be safe from any potential threat. Why are bonding and grounding important……... In a successfully installed grounding and bonding system, leakage currents have to be deviated from the data centre equipment. It will bond metallic components to the system in a way that conductive materials at the same electrical potential to decrease the current flow. If the current were to reach the equipment, it could cause great damage. To avoid any adverse effect to the performance of electronic equipment grounding & bonding techniques must be properly applied since IT equipment is highly prone to get damaged due to leakage current.

What is the difference between ionic crystals and metallic bonding?

Ions of opposite charges are involved in ionic bonding where the metal atoms form metallic bonds.

What difference in bonding between the solid state and gaseous state of iodine?

Iodine molecule has covalent bonds.

What is UL 467?

Grounding and Bonding EquipmentUL 4671 Scope1.1 This Standard applies to grounding and bonding equipment for use in accordance with the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I, CSA C22.1, in Canada or the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70, in the United States. 1.2 This Standard applies to the following grounding and bonding equipment:a) ground clamps, bonding devices, grounding bushings, water-meter shunts, grounding electrodes, and the like used in a grounding system;b) equipment for making electrical connections betweeni) the grounding conductors used in electrical power systems, non-current-carrying metal parts of electrical equipment, armored grounding wires, metal raceways, and the like; andii) grounding electrodes;c) equipment for making electrical connections betweeni) the grounding conductors used in telecommunications systems such as telephone, radio, CATV, network power broadband, and the like; andii) grounding electrodes; andd) hospital grounding jacks and mating grounding cord assemblies (for the United States, see Annex a).Notes:1) In Canada, "hospital grounding jacks" are not defined in CSA C22.1, Canadian Electrical Code, Part I.2) In Canada, "mating ground cord assemblies" are covered in CSA C22.2 No. 21 and CSA C22.2 No. 42.UL 467 references these Standards: 44 * 83 * 94 * 486A-486B * 486C * 514B * .Table of Contents for UL 467.

What is the difference between inter-molecular hydrogen bond and intra-molecular hydrogen bond with examples?

inter molecular hydrogen bonding is between one molecule and the neighbouring molecule whereas the intra molecular bonding between the same molecule

What is the difference between a throwaway and intentional grounding?

A throwaway is a pass thrown too far to be caught. Intentional grounding is when a quarterback throws the ball to the ground where no one is around to catch it, usually when still behind the line of scrimmage.