What is dificency?

Updated: 9/28/2023
User Avatar

Wiki User

11y ago

Best Answer

Nutrient Deficiency Diseases - Early Vitamin Deficiency Diseases

Nutrient Deficiency Diseases - Scurvy

Scurvy is one of the oldest vitamin deficiency diseases recorded and the first one to be cured by adding a vitamin to the diet. Scurvy was a common malady of sailors of the age of exploration of the New World. It has been recorded that Vasco da Gama was supposed to have lost half of his crew to scurvy in his journey around the Cape of Good Hope at the end of the fifteenth century and Richard Hawki…

Nutrient Deficiency Diseases - Beriberi

Discovering the causes for beriberi became part of the history of discovering vitamins. Christian Eijkman (1858-1930) was a Dutch physician who was a member of a government commission sent to the East Indies in the 1880s to study the disease beriberi, which was prevalent in southeast Asia, where the main diet is comprised of unenriched rice and wheat. In wet beriberi there is an accumulation of fl…

Nutrient Deficiency Diseases - Pellagra

Pellagra is a vitamin deficiency disease associated with poverty. The symptoms of pellagra are referred to as the "three D's"-diarrhea, dermatitis, and dementia and if disease is not treated it may lead to death. Gaspar Casal (c. 1691-1759) was the first to publish a thorough explanation of pellagra in 1762 after his death. He studied and wrote about the disease which he obser…

Nutrient Deficiency Diseases - Rickets

Rickets is a bone disease deficiency caused by a lack of vitamin D, called the "sunshine" vitamin because it is the only vitamin that can be produced by the effects of sunlight on the skin. It was a common disease of infants and children, but since all milk and infant formulas have vitamin D added to them, it is rarely seen today. In rickets, legs will become bowed by the weight of t…

Nutrient Deficiency Diseases - Other Vitamin Deficiency Diseases

Night blindness or the difficulty of seeing in dim light is caused by a deficiency in vitamin A which helps in the formation of visual purple needed by the eyes for night vision. The deficiency can also cause glare blindness when the eye is either exposed to too much light or a sudden change in the amount of light when entering a darkened room. Another eye disease caused by vitamin A deficiency is…

Nutrient Deficiency Diseases - Goiter

Nutrient Deficiency Diseases - Protein (amino Acid) Deficiencies

Nutrient Deficiency Diseases - Marasmus And Kwashiorkor

A specific wasting away disease caused by protein deficiency in third world countries that lack adequate food supplies is called kwashiorkor. It is a word which describes the condition of an infant who has to be weaned away after a year to make room for the next baby. The weaning food, which is mainly sugar and water or a starchy gruel lacks protein or has a poor quality of protein. The weaning di…

Nutrient Deficiency Diseases - Treatment And Prevention

Nutrient Deficiency Diseases - Diet And Supplements

Most nutritionists insist on a well-balanced diet consisting of the major food substances as an effective and economical way of obtaining nutrients for health. On the other hand, advocates of health food stores maintain that the FDA's required daily allowances (RDAs) for nutrients are much too low and that cultivation of much of our food supply and its preparation robs our diet of much of i…

Nutrient Deficiency Diseases - Recent Research On Vitamins A And C

Research using 22,000 physicians under the supervision of the Department of Medicine at Harvard is studying the long-term effects of beta carotene (vitamin A) in lowering the incidence of cancer and boosting resistance to infection. It is also being studied in the treatment of AIDS. Beta carotene is a safer version of vitamin A than the preformed oil form called retinol. It is found in carrots, sw…

Read more: Nutrient Deficiency Diseases - Early Vitamin Deficiency Diseases, Scurvy, Beriberi, Pellagra, Rickets, Other Vitamin Deficiency Diseases - Mineral deficiency diseases at the link below.

Nutritional deficiency diseases result primarily from a diet that does not have enough of the nutrients that are essential to health or development. Another cause is that an individual may not be able to utilize properly the nutrients consumed in the diet. Deficiency diseases may result from a person's abnormally high metabolic needs for a nutrient or from some imbalance in the nutrients ingested. Certain drugs or medicines may also affect nutrient use. Deficiency diseases often result from insufficient food intake, or a poorly balanced diet, but may also be caused by ill health (diarrhea, parasitic infections, cancer, AIDS) or, especially in children, by inadequate care. The most severe deficiency disease is starvation, where there is marked weight reduction, loss of fat and other tissues, including from the liver and intestines. Most systems are affected, including the body's immune system. The skin and hair become dry. Endocrine disturbances may occur, and in women amenorrhea is common. Diarrhea often develops, and the sufferer may die of secondary infection. Nutritional deficiency contributes to much of the ill health in developing countries. The most important forms of malnutrition there are protein-energy malnutrition; iodine deficiency disorders; vitamin A deficiency; and nutritional anemias. DEFICIENCY DISEASES Humans obtain energy (measured in calories or joules) from carbohydrates, fat, and protein and also from alcohol. In the majority of societies the most available source of calories is carbohydrates, whereas fat and protein are less available. In general, as families or communities become more affluent, the proportion of fat and animal protein in the diet increases. Protein-Energy Malnutrition A failure to consume adequate quantities of food energy may lead to loss of weight or growth failure in children, wasting of tissues, and eventually starvation. The production of enzymes and hormones is impaired in severe protein deficiency. Young children living in poorer communities throughout the world commonly have protein-energy malnutrition (PEM). This condition is aggravated by common infections, such as diarrhea, and sometimes by the irregular intervals at which a child may have food to eat. The two clinical forms of PEM are nutritional marasmus and kwashiorkor. Marasmus is due primarily to an energy (calorie) deficiency; in kwashiorkor, protein deficiency predominates. Mild or moderate PEM is much more common than these two severe forms and leads to a slow rate of growth, to poor development, to increased susceptibility to infections, and eventually to permanent physical stunting. MICRONUTRIENT DEFICIENCIES Mineral Deficiency The most prevalent and important mineral deficiencies are iron deficiency, the most common cause of anemia; iodine deficiency, a cause of endemic goiter and mental retardation; low fluoride intake, which contributes to tooth decay; and zinc deficiency. Vitamin Deficiency Among the major vitamin-deficiency diseases is xerophthalmia, which is due to vitamin A deficiency. It can result in ulceration of the cornea of the eye, sometimes blindness, as well as increased mortality rates. Beriberi, a thiamine, or vitamin BN, deficiency, is commonly found among rice-eating peoples and occurs in alcoholics. Pellagra results from a deficiency in niacin and is associated with persons whose staple diet is corn or maize. A riboflavin, or vitamin BM, deficiency causes ariboflavinosis, in which there may be cracks of the lips and lesions in the genital areas. The macrocytic anemias (involving abnormally large red blood cells) result particularly from folic-acid deficiency during pregnancy and sometimes from BNM deficiency. Rickets and osteomalacia (softening of the bones) are due to vitamin D deficiency, and scurvy is due to vitamin C deficiency. Other vitamin deficiencies, such as vitamin K deficiency in the newborn and vitamin BR deficiency in those taking certain medications, areuch less important and less prevalent. TREATMENT The specific treatment for each of these deficiency states is usually the medical provision of appropriate doses of the nutrient in question and also an assurance that foods rich in these nutrients are consumed in the diet. This latter approach is also the basis for prevention of these diseases. Some diseases may also be prevented by fortification of commonly eaten foods with nutrients, by various food supplement programs, by increasing local production of nutritious foods, and, in the long run, by better nutrition education. PROBLEMS OF WORLD HEALTH In recent years world concern has increased about hunger and malnutrition. In most parts of the world major famines have led to international action to reduce the extent of starvation. The World Health Organization (WHO), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), all agencies of the UN, play important and different roles in trying to reduce the extent and seriousness of malnutrition, particularly in developing countries. They coordinate activities and attempt to establish international standards of classification and reporting; they also make recommendations about nutrient requirements for different population groups. In the United States the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council publishes Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) of all the important nutrients.

User Avatar

Wiki User

11y ago
This answer is:
User Avatar
More answers
User Avatar


Lvl 1
3y ago

Lack of

This answer is:
User Avatar

Add your answer:

Earn +20 pts
Q: What is dificency?
Write your answer...
Still have questions?
magnify glass
Related questions