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The people of the colonies needed slaves. As farmers began to use fewer indentured servants, slaves became very valuable. People were willing to pay a lot for labor. As slaves became popular, the slave trade grew. The slave trade brought millions of Africans across the Atlantic Ocean in a voyage called the Middle Passage.

This affected conditions on the Middle Pasage because people were willing to pay a lot of money for labor. So, for greater profits, slave traders fit as many slaves as possible on board into spaces not even three feet high. The Middle passage was a terrifying and deadly journey that could last as long as three months. Thousands of captives died on the harsh journey.

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Q: What factors caused the slave trade to grow and how did this affect conditions on the Middle Passage?
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