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If the mother becomes infected in the last three months of pregnancy, however, the prognosis is good and the baby may not even display any symptoms.

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Q: How does toxoplasmosis affect a baby infected later in pregnancy?
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What risks are associated with toxoplasmosis?

The later in pregnancy that the mother is infected, the higher the probability that the fetus will be infected. On the other hand, toxoplasmosis early in pregnancy is more likely to cause a miscarriage or serious birth defects.


How is fetal toxoplasmosis treated?

Fetal toxoplasmosis may be treated by giving the mother pyrimethamine and sulfonamides such as sulfadiazine during the later second and third trimesters.


Can kidney donation affect pregnancy later?

You need to discuss this with a qualified medical practitioner (a doctor).


Does teen mom affect the rates of teen pregnancy?

We haven't seen that in the statistics but it might come up later.


Would a tummy tuck will interfere with a pregnancy later in life?

Yes it could affect your chance of pregnancy. Because a great deal will count on where and how much your tummy was tucked in.


Can the foods a teenage girl eats today affect her pregnancy in later years?

Not really. What can affect it is your weight. Anorexia or obesity can lead to problems trying to get pregnant.


Congenital toxoplasmosis?

DefinitionCongenital toxoplasmosis is a group of symptoms that occur when an unborn baby (fetus) is infected with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii.Causes, incidence, and risk factorsThe fetus can become infected with toxoplasmosis if the mother becomes infected with toxoplasmosis during the pregnancy. The infection may spread to the fetus during the pregnancy itself, or during labor or delivery.For the mother, the toxoplasmosis infection is generally mild, and she may not be aware of it. Infection of the fetus, however, can cause severe problems. Infection early in pregnancy results in more severe problems than later infection.SymptomsUp to half of the fetuses who become infected with toxoplasmosis during the pregnancy ae born early (prematurely). Congenital toxoplasmosis can damage the baby's eyes, nervous system, skin, and ears.Often, there are signs of infection in the baby at birth. However, newborns with milder infections may not have symptoms or problems for months or even years. If they are not treated, almost all develop problems (especially in the eyes) when they become adolescents.Symptoms may include:Enlarged liver and spleenDiarrhea or vomitingEye damage from inflammation of the retina or other parts of the eyeFeeding problemsHearing lossJaundiceLow birth weight (intrauterine growth restriction)Skin rash(petechiae or ecchymosis) at birthBrain and nervous system damage may be severe or very mild, and may include:SeizuresAbnormal brain and nervous system (neurologic) functionSigns and testsThe physical examination may show signs of:AnemiaCerebral calcificationsChorioretinitisLarger head size (hydrocephalus)Swollen lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy)Macrocephaly or microcephalySigns and symptoms that occur late in the disease include:Hearing lossMental retardationSeizuresNeurological problemsVisual impairmentPrenatal tests include:Amniotic fluidtesting and fetal blood testingAntibody titerUltrasound of the abdomenPostnatal diagnosis:Antibody studies on cord blood and cerebrospinal fluidCT scan of the brainMRI scan of the brainNeurological examsStandard eye examTORCH screenTreatmentSpiramycin can treat infection in the pregnant mother.Pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine can treat fetal infection (diagnosed during the pregnancy).Treatment of infants with congenital toxoplasmosis typically includes pyrimethamine, sulfadiazine, and leucovorin for one year. Infants are also sometimes given steroids if their vision is threatened or if the protein level in the spinal fluid is high.Expectations (prognosis)The outcome depends on the severity of the congenital toxoplasmosis.ComplicationsHydrocephalusBlindness or severe visual disabilitySevere mental retardation or other neurological problemsCalling your health care providerCall for an appointment with your health care provider if you are pregnant and think you are at risk for toxoplasmosis (for example, if you have a cat and are the person who cleans the litter box).Call for an appointment with your health care provider if you are pregnant and have not received any prenatal care.PreventionProspective or expectant mothers can be tested to find out if they are at risk for toxoplasmosis.Pregnant women who have cats as house pets may be at increased risk of developing toxoplasmosis. They should avoid contact with any materials that are potentially infected with cat feces, or that could be contaminated by insects exposed to cat feces (cockroaches, flies, etc.).Cook meat until it is well done, and wash your hands after handling raw meat.ReferencesRemington JS, McLeod R, Thulliez P, Desmonts G. Toxoplasmosis. In: Remington JS. Infectious Diseases of the Fetus and Newborn Infant. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2006: chap 31.


What can affect your pregnancy test?

Pregnancy hormone levels are highest in the morning so taking it later can affect the outcome. Also although fake positives are rare if you had a really early miscarriage you can still get a positive due to the pregnancy hormone still being in your body.


Would binge drinking once or twice a week be more likely to affect facial features during the first second or third trimester of pregnancy?

First. It is during the 1st trimester that the affects of fetal alcohol syndrome have a physical affect (drinking later causes the cognitive effects, but earlier in the pregnancy can cause the characteristic facies)


How did the infected in the movie 28 Weeks Later survive through 28 weeks without food?

They didn't. All of the infected in 28 Weeks Later were infected in the second outbreak at the repopulation center.At the beginning of 28 Weeks Later, a timeline is given to explain what happened in the interim between 28 Days Later and 28 Weeks Later. The 3rd point on the timeline reads, "5 Weeks Later: The infected have died of starvation." That's why they feel it's safe to start repopulating England.The complete timeline is as follows:15 Days Later: Mainland Britain is quarantined.28 Days Later: Mainland Britain has been destroyed by the rage virus.5 Weeks Later: The infected have died of starvation.11 Weeks Later: An American-led NATO force enters London.18 Weeks Later: Mainland Britain is declared free of infection.24 Weeks Later: Reconstruction begins.


How can the states influence the policies of the federal government?

By trying out policies that might later affect the entire nation


Should you have a d and c if you have not miscarried but your hormone levels are decreasing?

NO! My pregnancy hormones decreased and they thought it was a chemical pregnancy but my baby showed up on the ultrasound 2 weeks later. NO! My pregnancy hormones decreased and they thought it was a chemical pregnancy but my baby showed up on the ultrasound 2 weeks later.