Observational learning is exactly what is sounds like; the only difference between the aforesaid and vicarious learning is that vicarious learning applies solely to learning by observing the consequences of others' actions. This works because our mirror neurons allow us to experience the reinforcement that we see happening.
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I'll give you Similarities and differences: Similarities first: -in both, unobservable mental calculations are done (in insight this is done in the incubation stage, in observational learning this is the cognitive map) -the learning appears to be "sudden", in one moment/trial it appears that the participant has not learned anything, in the next, they suddenly have all this exhibited knowledge. learning is not exhibited until needed. Difference: The primary difference between these two cognitive theories of learning is that: -in latent learning the participant can learn materials / skills etc via observation, but not exhibit the behaviour. In insight learning the organism has not watched another organism perform the behaviour. -in latent learning the organism learns the behaviour without intending to, and it is not done with the intent of obtaining information (kind of passive), in insight learning, the organism must choose to manipulate the environment to get the correct environment (active) . -insight learning is said to have occurred when the relationships relevant to the solution are found, and this could happen in a split second (aha-phenomenon), whereas latent learning can occur over a period of time
Direct learning is learning through self experience while indirect learning is through other media.
The act of observational research is very different to that of casually watching people undertake an activity. Take these two scenarios for example. *You are studying to become a "Bio-chemist" and your lecturer is teaching you how to mix chemicals in which you need to write an assignment on the chemical reactions* This is observational research. Casually watching is like settling down at night to watch your favourite television show.
Vicarious Learning/Observational Learning/Social Learning/ModelingObservational learning (also known as: vicarious learningor social learning or modeling) is learning that occurs as a function of observing, retaining and replicating behavior observed in others. It is most associated with the work of psychologist Albert Bandura, who implemented some of the seminal studies in the area and initiated social learning theory. It involves the process of learning to copy or model the action of another through observing another doing it.For the source and more detailed information concerning your request, click on the related links section indicated below.
The importance of observational learning was highlighted by Albert Bandura.
learning through observation and imitation of others
Latent learning and observational learning