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The formula you are looking for is I = W/E, Amps = Watts/Volts. Amps = 5000/230 =21.7 amps. The wire size to run this heater would be a #10 copper conductor. The supply breaker would be a two pole 30 amp breaker.

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22.5

Q: How much current would a 5-kW heater draw with 230 volts?

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The load is a resistive load and as such it is governed by Ohm's law. Current is directly proportional to the voltage and inversely proportional to the resistance. As the voltage goes down so does the current. 2200 watt heater at 220 volts = 10 amps. R = E/I = 220/10 = 22 ohms of resistance in the heater. Now take the 2200 watt heater and using the same formula and at 110 volts. I = E/R, Amps = Volts / Resistance. 110/22 = 5 amps. As you can see ohm's law holds true, the current is inversely proportional to the resistance and as the voltage goes down so does the current. To answer the question, yes a 220 volt heater will run on a 110 volt circuit but at a reduced wattage. W = A x V = 5 x 110 = 550 watts.A 2200 watt heater at 220 volts would draw 1/2 the current of a 2200 watt heater at 110 volts.A 2200 watt heater at 220 volts is 22 ohms of resistance. Resistance would not change with the voltage, current would only be 5 amps (a resistor is a current limiter, it will only let more current through if you apply more voltage not less); but the wattage would only be 550 watts. This would only give you a fourth of the power this heater was designed for! The heater and the wires would have less heat.

At 120 Volts you would draw about 42 amps. At 240 Volts it would be about 21 amps. For 120 Volts you would need 6 AWG and for 240 Volts you would need 10 AWG.

8.33 amps

10 Amps. Amps=Watts/Volts

41.6

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Current (amps)=Watts/Volts =2000/120 =16.75 =16.75 amps

The load is a resistive load and as such it is governed by Ohm's law. Current is directly proportional to the voltage and inversely proportional to the resistance. As the voltage goes down so does the current. 2200 watt heater at 220 volts = 10 amps. R = E/I = 220/10 = 22 ohms of resistance in the heater. Now take the 2200 watt heater and using the same formula and at 110 volts. I = E/R, Amps = Volts / Resistance. 110/22 = 5 amps. As you can see ohm's law holds true, the current is inversely proportional to the resistance and as the voltage goes down so does the current. To answer the question, yes a 220 volt heater will run on a 110 volt circuit but at a reduced wattage. W = A x V = 5 x 110 = 550 watts.A 2200 watt heater at 220 volts would draw 1/2 the current of a 2200 watt heater at 110 volts.A 2200 watt heater at 220 volts is 22 ohms of resistance. Resistance would not change with the voltage, current would only be 5 amps (a resistor is a current limiter, it will only let more current through if you apply more voltage not less); but the wattage would only be 550 watts. This would only give you a fourth of the power this heater was designed for! The heater and the wires would have less heat.

At 120 Volts you would draw about 42 amps. At 240 Volts it would be about 21 amps. For 120 Volts you would need 6 AWG and for 240 Volts you would need 10 AWG.

8.33 amps

10 Amps. Amps=Watts/Volts

41.6

41.6

To answer this question the wattage of the block heater must be stated. Amps = Watts/Volts.

There are zero amps in 1000 watts. Watts are the product of amps x volts or I = W/E, watts divided by voltage. As you can see, that if no voltage is stated no amperage can be given. Once you find the voltage of the heater then use the following equation, Amps = Watts/Volts to find the current draw of the 1000 watt heater.

1.25 A

Basically, Power = Current*Voltage Current = Power/Voltage Current = 15/120 Current = 0.125A or 125mA

Watts = Volts x Amps Amps = Watts/Volts = 2000/240 Amps = 8.3

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