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Imperialism had negative affects wherever it existed. The first imperialists of South America was the colonial power of Spain. Much like Great Britain was the "father" of the 13 American colonies who eventually left the British Empire, so too the colonists of South American wanted "freedom" as well from their "father" the Spanish Empire.

The nations of Central & South America were late comers to independence and the heads on leadership of of the US founding fathers, built a powerful new "imperialist" as far as the people of South America were concerned.. that was the United States of America.

While France, Britain & Spain still retained some colonies in the Caribbean, Central America and in South America ( not forgetting the Portuguese ) the United States had become a viable power in the Western Hemisphere. In fact it became the dominating power.

The USA's growth and other economic concerns affected the " former Spanish colonists " in a negative way. The first problem was the US's war with Mexico. The capital city of Mexico was invaded by US forces and as part of the peace treaty, Mexico had to give up much of its holdings in what became the USA's South West. Also California was ceded to the USA.

The fact that the Mexican territory of Texas shook off its Mexican government and became the US State of Texas left a bad taste in the mouth of Mexicans.

In the 1900's the USA continued the quest that had been originated by a French corporation, that was the project to build a canal joining the Caribbean Sea with the Pacific Ocean. The construction of such a canal would be a boost for the American economy and help all nations cut shipping travel time immensely.

Of course the deal now was in the hands of America. One of the best locations for constructing a canal, and it would be a difficult engineering project, was where Panama is today. But, and a large but, was that this area was part of Colombia. To make a long story short, rebels in Colombia wanted to make a new nation called Panama.

With the "help" of the US Government, a deal was struck with the rebels and the nation of Panama was given birth.

The canal construction was part of the "help" deal. The US, with many problems from malaria, to sophisticated lochs and canals finished the project by 1914. The deal was that the USA would control the canal.

The Monroe Doctrine

Late in 1823, long before the war with Mexico, the US President, James Monroe issued a foreign policy statement to the world.

Simply put, it was a doctrine that governed US and South American affairs vis a vie the rest of the World.

In his annual message to Congress, Monroe stated that the United States had hegemony over affairs in the Western Hemishere.

It basically warned the powers of Europe the the Western Hemishere had a shere of interest of the United States.

In one way of interpreting this doctrine, it laid a coat of protectio over the new and struggling new nations of South America.

It meant the the US would not tolerate further colonization of European puppet regimes in the Western Hemisphere.

Some South Americans believed that this doctrine was an open invitation made by the USA to "handle" international affairs in South America.

But this doctrine together with the Mexican War, The Spanish American War and the Panama Canal issue and many South Americans now saw the USA as the new imperilaist power in the Western Hemishere.

The affects were long term and relations with many nations from Mexico and southward were damaged.

This was sound & bold policy for a new nation like the United States. Whatever its faults, it actually helped the former Spanish and Portugese colonies from interference from Europe. With the exception of Mexico.

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For Asia it brought modernisation, for Africa it brought degeneration of its population and resources, & for Latin America it destroyed their culture but brought a new one which was destined for greatness but somehow failed.

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Q: What were the consequences of imperialism for Asia Africa or latin America?
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