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The Romans perfected the arch and the dome.

The architecutral aid the Romans perfected was the crane, which saw its heyday in the Roman days. They adopted the cranes from the Greeks and developed them much further. They had the tripastos with three pulleys and a winch which could lift 50 kilograms. The winch polypastos had a set of 3 by 5 pulleys on up to four masts and could lift 3 mentric tonnes. It was operated by four men. When the treadwhel replaced the winch for power, it could lift 6 tonnes. It was operated by two men who walked inside the treadwheels at the sides od the structure.

For weights of up to 100 tons, a wodden tower was built with a frame around it that kept it upright. Material was lifted with capstans powered by animals or humans.

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Q: What architectural aid did the Romans perfect?
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