a common answer is lower wages (half of mans salery)
men would rather plow their farmland
and a need for workers
In America during the Industrial Revolution, women left their jobs at farms to go work at mills. Some of the mills included Lowell's mills, and Slater's mill.
repeatedly invented the Lowell System. Which in he hired young unmarried women that were from farms to work in his textile mills. They got paid very little about 2 to 4 dollars a week. They stayed in boarding houses. In the mills they did very simple tasks repeatedly for 8 hours a day, 6 days a week.
young girls ages of 10 to middle aged women, 30-40 years old. most who worked at the mills were 24 years old
slater mill= women used their hands to make the cloth lowell mill= made raw cotton into cotton cloth with machines
Because it builted mills and emplyed young women to do the work.
Textile mills hired women because they did not have to pay them near as much as men. Children were hired because of their tiny hands that could fit into machinery to fix issues, which lead to many injuries and deaths.
New England had some fast running streams that could power the mills. It had Francis Cabot Lowell that went to England to see how mills ran there. It also had young women that needed a job to run the mills.
Because the Lowell girls made up almost 75% of the workers in textile mills, many of the women joined the American labor movement in protest of the conditions of the factories they were working in. The Lowell Female Labor Reform Association was formed as the first female union for workers during the industrial revolution. These women were crucial in forming strikes to get rights for women working in mills and factories at this time.
In the United States, the first textile mill was established by Francis Cabot Lowell. Lowell visited England in the early 1800s, and toured textile mills while pretending to be an idiot. When he returned to the United States, he gave detailed descriptions and engineering drawings to a man named Paul Moody, creating spinning devices and a power loom. In order to raise the money for the mill, Lowell sold shares of stock in his company, an innovative approach at the time that later became the primary way capital is raised for corporations. The textile mill itself became the basis for the town of Lowell, Massachussetts, named for Francis Cabot Lowell. Lowell employed many women in his mills, which was also innovative at the time. He was able to pay women less than men, but women also benefited from the small measure of independence and camaraderie with other women.
The Lowell girls endured long working hours, the volume of the factory machinery was earsplitting, the work was monotonous and required little skill, stuffy working rooms, low wages, and bad health conditions.