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Though steroids can have great potential in the treatment of some conditions, side effects of corticosteroids such as cortisone, hydrocortisone and prednisone can include:

Short term side effects of oral corticosteroids can include:

  • Elevated pressure in the eyes (glaucoma)
  • Fluid retention, causing swelling in your lower legs
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Mood swings
  • Weight gain, with fat deposits in your abdomen, face and the back of your neck

Long term side effects of oral corticosteroids can include:

  • Cataracts
  • High blood sugar, which can trigger or worsen Diabetes
  • Increased risk of infections
  • Loss of calcium from bones, which can lead to osteoporosis and fractures
  • Menstrual irregularities
  • Suppressed adrenal gland hormone production
  • Thin skin, easy bruising and slower wound healing

Side effects of inhaled corticosteroids:

If part of the drug deposits in your mouth instead of making it to your lungs, you may experience:

  • Coughing
  • Hoarseness
  • Dry mouth
  • Sore throat
  • May slow growth rate in children, but studies show it does not affect final adult height

Rinsing the mouth out and gargling after each application may decrease the risk of side effects, but do not swallow it, spit it out.

Side effects of topical corticosteroids can include:

  • thin skin
  • red lesions
  • acne

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Q: Which of the follwing is not a common side effect associated with the use of steriods?
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