What is the Karvonen Formula?

Updated: 4/28/2022
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The Karvonen Formula This is a heart rate reserve formula and it’s one of the most effective methods used to calculate training heart rate. The formula factors in your resting heart rate, therefore, you’ll need to determine your resting heart rate by doing the following: Prior to getting out of bed in the morning, take your pulse on your wrist (radial pulse) or on the side of your neck (carotid pulse). Count the number of beats, starting with zero, for one minute. If you don’t have a stop watch or a second hand in your bedroom, you can measure the time by watching for the number to change on a digital alarm clock. Find your pulse and start counting when the minute number changes the first time, stop counting when it changes again. To help assure accuracy, take your resting heart rate three mornings in a row and average the 3 heart rates together. Another element in finding your training heart rate zone is determining the intensity level at which you should exercise. As a general rule, you should exercise at an intensity between 50% - 85% of your heart rate reserve. Your individual level of fitness will ultimately determine where you fall within this range. Use the following table as a guide for determining your intensity level: Beginner or low fitness level . . .50% - 60% Average fitness level . . . . . . . . 60% - 70% High fitness level . . . . . . . . . . . 75% - 85% Now that we’ve determined and gathered the information needed, we can pull the information together in the Karvonen Formula: 220 - Age = Maximum Heart Rate Max Heart Rate - Rest. Heart Rate x Intensity + Rest. Heart Rate = Training Heart Rate For example, Sally is 33 yrs old, has a resting heart rate of 75 and she’s just beginning her exercise program (her intensity level will be 50% - 60%.) Sally’s training heart rate zone will be 131-142 beats per minute: Sally's Minimum Training Heart Rate: 220 - 33 (Age) = 187 187 - 75 (Rest. HR) = 112 112 x .50 (Min. Intensity) + 75 (Rest. HR) = 131 Beats/Minute Sally's Maximum Training Heart Rate: 220 - 33 (Age) = 187 187 - 75 (Rest. HR) = 112 112 x .60 (Max. Intensity) + 75 (Rest. HR) = 142 Beats/Minute Periodically, take your pulse during your exercise session to gauge your intensity level. Typically, the easiest location for taking a pulse is on the side of your neck, the carotid pulse. Be sure not to press too hard on the carotid artery or you’ll get an inaccurate reading. Count the number of beats, always beginning with zero, for 6 seconds (then multiply by 10), or for 10 seconds (then multiply by 6) to get the number of times your heart is beating per minute. If your pulse is within your training heart rate zone, you’re right on track! If not, adjust your exercise workload until you get into your zone.

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Q: What is the Karvonen Formula?
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The karvonen formula incorporates the in determining the training heart rate range?

resting hear rate

Who invented the karvonen theory?

Veikko Karvonen

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Veikko Karvonen died on 2007-08-01.

When was Veikko Karvonen born?

Veikko Karvonen was born on 1926-01-05.

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Albert Karvonen was born on April 24, 1931.

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Santtu Karvonen was born on November 11, 1979, in Lohja, Finland.

When was Tauno Karvonen born?

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Tauno Karvonen died in 1998, in Tampere, Finland of longtime illness.