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Saliva has two main uses. First by moistening food as you chew it, it makes the food into a nice slurry that can easily slide down the esophagus when you swallow it. Dry food would be much scratchier on the throat. Secondly, saliva contains a digestive enzyme which begins the process of digesting complex carbohydrates into easily absorbed sugar.

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10y ago
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8y ago

Functions of Saliva

  • Lubricates the mouth
  • Has enzymes to begin breaking down food
  • Helps prevent tooth decay and gum disease

Without saliva, food particles that get caught between the teeth would stay there much longer, causing plaque and cavities to develop much more quickly. The function of saliva is too start the break-down of the food in your mouth. It also helps you form your food into a bolus, making it easier to swallow. If you place cotton candy in your mouth, and feel it "melt away," then, that's the saliva breaking the cotton down back into it's original form: sugar. Saliva helps with breaking down meats, beans, and especially bread. Think of it this way. If you had no saliva, your mouth would be absolutely and completely dry. With an absolute dry mouth, think of eating a piece of bread. It's going to be near impossible, huh?

Saliva contains an enzyme called salivary amylase which digest the starch (complex molecule) present in food into sugar (maltose) in digestion and digestive processes saliva acts as a substance to add moisture to foods and intake to help break it down. It works as an enzyme (speeds up) for mechanical digestion in the mouth. It specifically helps break down starch into maltose by using the enzyme salivary amylase produced by the salivary glands.

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14y ago

Protection of oral cavity from microbes, Digestion of ingested food,Lubricating oral surface,Maintaining acid-base balence of blood.

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9y ago

Saliva has multiple functions. Among these are lubrication of the mouth and food, digestion with the enzymes it contains, and protection from microbes.

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15y ago

TO break down components of food for digestion

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11y ago

helps break down food, moistens it, and makes it easier to digest.

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13y ago

so your mouth does not go dry and you would need a drink every second of the day

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13y ago

saliva helps break down your food

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12y ago

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Q: What are the functions of saliva?
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Related questions

What is study of saliva called?

The study of saliva is called sialology or sialometry. It involves analyzing the composition, production, and functions of saliva in the human body.


What are the main functions of saliva?

To give you mono gosh


What is the purpose of saliva in the pig?

As in most mammals, the saliva in a pig functions to both moisten ingesta and to start breaking down sugars through the actions of amylase in the saliva.


Is saliva a neutral?

If this question contains to the pH factor, then no. Saliva is slightly acidic. With common functions, such as burping, vomiting, and just plain old digestion, saliva is slightly acidic due to the acid in the stomach.


What are the functions of the chemical digestion in animals?

Chemical digestion begins in the mouth with the secretion of saliva from three pairs of salivary glands. Saliva contains the digestive enzyme salivary amylase.


What is salivary glands responsible for?

The major and minor salivary glands produce saliva. Saliva has many functions, including lubrication of food, digestion, protection against microorganisms, etc.


What are the functions of saliva in humans?

The basic function of saliva is to moisten and Lubricate food. Saliva also contains salivary amylase which breaks the covalent bonds between glucose molecules in starch and other polysaccharides to produce the disaccharides maltose and isomaltose.


How does saliva help the digestive process?

Saliva does two main functions. The most obvious is that the salivary solution softens food, enabling it to be cut into pieces small enough to be swallowed. Saliva also contains amylase, an enzyme responsible for the break-down of starch.


What acid is in mosquito venom?

None, there is no acid in mosquito saliva. There are 20 polypeptides (smal proteins) in mosquito saliva, these have different functions that are still not fully understood, but it is these proteins (and other antigens) that cause the itching and inflammation.


Is it healthy to dribble while your sleeping?

Not really, because when you dribble, you are losing saliva. The salivary glands are essential to many functions in the body.


What is an endocrine function sweat glands release sweat to the skin the pancreas releases insulin into the bloodstream or salivary glands release saliva into the stomach?

The release of insulin by the pancreas is an endocrine function. The release of sweat and saliva are exocrine functions.


What is the function of the salivary gands?

The salivary glands produce saliva, which contains enzymes that help break down food during digestion. Saliva also helps to moisten food, making it easier to swallow, and contains antibodies that protect against bacteria in the mouth.