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The First World war exposed the falsehood of the claim of superiority of the Europeans. The communist Revolution of 1917 in Russia placed an inspiring ideal before the world. The deteriorating economic condition of Indian during the war intensified popular discontent.

In the wake of strong protests from all quarters and universal opposition to the Act, Gandhi announced that he would resort to Satyagraha. Gandhi gave a call to start the movement on 6th April 1919. The people were asked to observe Hartal, engage in fasting and prayers and organise peaceful meetings, processions. The aim was to get the withdrawal of the Rowlatt Act.

The hartal had passed off peacefully but the city and province were set ablaze by the arrest and deportation of Dr. Satyapal and Saifuddin Kitchlew, the two prominent leaders of Punjab on 10 April, 1919 to some unknown places.

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Q: What was the Rowlatt Satyagraha of 1919?
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