The 'carrying a big stick' was a metaphor he coined. The point of the metaphor was that whoever had the biggest stick would not be threatened. He believed that if the USA held the most military power and presence, that other nations would respect the USA's military power and not be tempted to attack them.
Theodore Roosevelt often carried a walking stick when spoke, using it for emphasis. His quote, 'Walk softly, but carry a big stick.' is world famous.
Yes. These phrases are all associated with Theodore Roosevelt.
Theodore Roosevelt is the president with the big stick diplomacy. His ideology was contained in this proverb, "Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far." With this policy he would implicitly threaten with the military while simultaneously attempting peaceful negotiations.
Theodore Roosevelt's aggressive diplomacy was referred to as "The Big Stick".
HE WALKED SOFTLY AND CARRIED A BIG STICK.
big stick diplomacy
a world class naval force