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KEY DETERMINANTS OF AN EFFECTIVE PEPPER SPRAY:

  1. Capsaicin and Related Capsaicinoids (CRC)

CRC PERCENTAGE is the concentration of the actual heat inducing pepper substances.

  1. Oleoresin Capsicum (OC)

OC PERCENTAGE is the total combined concentrations of oils, solvents and pepper ingredients, including CRC. Non-CRC ingredients often dilute the effectiveness of a pepper spray.

  1. SHU: HOTNESS is "determined" by the concentration (%) of CRC.

It is "measured" by SCOVILLE HEAT UNITS (SHU). However, SHU is measured at the base resin and not by the expelled aerosol which may be different, and therefore can sometimes be misleading.

SO, THE MOST EFFECTIVE SPRAY CHARACTERISTICS ARE:

●HIGHEST SHU's which is determined by the CRC % (Max 2%) and

●the LOWEST OC (2%). It can go lower of course, but only if the CRC is also lower.

So it is first about the highest CRC % and then secondly, the lowest ratio of CRC to OC.

Ergo, a 1:1 ratio of CRC to OC of 2% / 2%) is the most effective possible, which is to say that 100% of the OC is the heat producing CRC.

Allegedly, Fox Labs 5.3 formula is the hottest at 5.3 million SHU, which is because it has a CRC of around 1% and an OC of around 2%.

Keep in mind that the highest civilian allowed CRC percentage of 2% is what most bear sprays are. If you were to spray a human with a 2% / 2% ratio spray, you could easily harm that person severely and permanently, and even kill them if they have weaknesses or comorbidities associated with capsaicinoids.

Dog sprays are usually only =

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David Ellett

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βˆ™ 2021-10-11 04:31:45
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βˆ™ 2013-04-23 23:34:05

I believe it is 17% StreetWise Pepper Foam. It not only has a higher percentage of pepper (normally pepper sprays contain 10%), but it also is a foam, that sticks better to the attackers face.

StreetWise is a good product, however the Wildfire 18% Pepper Spray is the hottest! 18% pepper spray with 3 million scoville heat units.

Wildfire 18% Pepper Spray comes with an injection molded key-chain holster, belt-clip, safety lock, marking dye, and directions on how to use.

If foam or gel is required, go for a MACE product. MACE is the most trusted name with foams or gels.

Many have boasted the Mace Pepper Gun as the most efficient applicator.

You want a pepper spray that isn't diluted by oily resins. The "O" in OC (Oleoresin Capsicum) often acts to dilute the effectiveness of a pepper spray. The OC just measures the total combined concentrations of oils, solvents and pepper ingredients. It doesn't determine how hot the heat bearing ingredient is, or how much of the Capsaicin and Related Capsaicinoids are present in the solution. So, the real question must be as to how hot is the heat bearing ingredient is, and how much of that heat bearing ingredient is in the pepper spray? Scoville Heat Units (SHU) measures the "heat" of the pepper (law enforcement grade sprays range from 1 million to 5.3 million SHU). Capsaicin and Related Capsaicinoids (CRC) measures the percentage concentration of the pepper NOT THE OILS AND SOLVENTS. The EPA sets the minimum and maximum allowable levels by percentage on a product label for use of pepper sprays against dangerous animals, such as for use against bears, to be between 1.0 - 2.0% CRC. Some of the better defense sprays have between 1.0 - 1.4% CRC. Therefore, the ideal spray would have the highest SHU rating, the maximum CRC rating of 2%, and not be overly diluted by the "O" in OC (that way the heat bearing ingredients can be felt instantly and without delay). It is ideal to have about a 1:1 ratio of CRC to OC percentage. Currently, Fox Labs 5.3 formula is the hottest at 5.3 million SHU, has right around 1.0% CRC and has an OC content of 2.0%. If you get sprayed with Fox, you will feel the heat instantly, your face will feel like it is on fire, and you will beg for an ambulance! If you don't believe me test your favorite brand on yourself against Fox! Just make sure you have plenty of baby shampoo (disolves the oils), milk (neutralizes the acids) and water for decontamination. During police training, grown men have SCREAMED like girls for nearly a half hour straight after being sprayed with Fox! Fox 5.3 is some really wicked nasty stuff.

18% is usually the hottest you can buy. Gel stays on better.

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