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Pitting edema is edema severe enough to leave a dent when pressed with a finger. Pitting edema is assessed by pushing gently with a finger and evaluating the response. Mild is a one plus, moderate is a two plus, deep is a three plus, and very deep is a four plus.

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โˆ™ 2014-08-23 08:21:47
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Q: How do you assess pitting edema?
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What is gross edema?

In medicine and nursing the term "gross" is intended to mean "big as seen by the naked eye". Edema has two types: regular "edema" and "pitting edema". "Pitting" edema is when I press my finger onto the edema and when I remove my finger, the skin stays pressed in, it it "pitting". Typically, edema should be measured, with a measuring tape, rather than using a subjective word like "gross" (i.e. big). What looks "big and obvious" to me may look different to you. So, especially in pitting edema, we use +1, +2, +3 -- OR-- we use a measurement and measure both sides, say both ankles, for comparison. If one ankle measures 15inches and the other measures 17.2 inches, that shows one angle is much more swollen than the other. One tip: Doctors are more apt to use words like "gross edema" or "grossly obese". Nurses measure more than doctors.


Are you dehydrated if you push your thumb on your thigh and it turns white?

The test for dehydration is pinching the skin and letting it go. If it stays up, like a tent, you are likely dehydrated. The best testing spot is on the back of the arm above the wrist. Pressing the skin tests for 2 things: return of color for how well blood flows into the area; and for "pitting edema" when the skin stays pressed in when there is swelling. Skin naturally "turns white" when pressed but returns to pink (or red if pressed too hard) within seconds of being released. "Pitting edema" is assessed on a scale of 1 to 3 and is based on how fast the skin spings back up in an area with obvious swelling. The edema test is typically done on the ankles, lower legs, and tops of feet since this is where most swelling occurs. True pitting edema only occurs in persons with kidney or heart ailments or impaired circulation to the lower extremities.


Define the principle of assessment in relation to wound care?

You need to assess--location, size, width and length, depth, color of wound bed, sorrounding tissue, redness, swelling/edema, drainage- type, amount, consistence, and odor. Also document source of wound ( pressure, surgical ect...). Assess patients complaints--pain, lack of felling to site ect.


What is a phlebotropic drug?

edema protecting drug


Is there a cure for edema?

Yes, there is a cure for edema. Lasix or Furosemide is a kind of drug that intends to cure acute pulmonary edema and other edema types that usually cause swelling. Furosemide works effectively by excreting the unwanted water or body fluids in a patient's body; but actually, these swellings are just indirect effects from some major body ailments such as renal diseases, congestive heart failures and may more. You can look for more information about treatment for edema at the Related Link.

Related questions

What is nonpitting edema?

Non-pitting edema is a type of swelling. Pitting edema occurs when the swollen area is pressed and remains indented. The indentation does not occur with non-pitting edema.


What is the main term in pitting edema?

edema


Can pneumonia cause pitting edema in legs?

yes


Signs and symptoms of acute pulmonary edema?

Dispnea and cyanosis. Pitting edema, elevated IAP


What is pitting oedema?

Pitting edema is a swollen area that will give when pressed and retain a depression for a minute , or so.


Assessing preload in a patient without a central line?

Assess for signs of volume overload--dlyspnea, tachypnea, crackles or possible wheezes on auscultation, pulmonary edema, juglar vein distention and pitting edema of the ankles-- may indicate a problem with increased preload.


Could a heart problem be causing water weight including pitting edema?

Yes, the heart could be causing water weight that includes pitting edema. A doctor will need to be consulted to determine the causes.


What Oedema is?

Pitting edema is a swollen area that will give when pressed and retain a depression for a minute , or so.


What is gross edema?

In medicine and nursing the term "gross" is intended to mean "big as seen by the naked eye". Edema has two types: regular "edema" and "pitting edema". "Pitting" edema is when I press my finger onto the edema and when I remove my finger, the skin stays pressed in, it it "pitting". Typically, edema should be measured, with a measuring tape, rather than using a subjective word like "gross" (i.e. big). What looks "big and obvious" to me may look different to you. So, especially in pitting edema, we use +1, +2, +3 -- OR-- we use a measurement and measure both sides, say both ankles, for comparison. If one ankle measures 15inches and the other measures 17.2 inches, that shows one angle is much more swollen than the other. One tip: Doctors are more apt to use words like "gross edema" or "grossly obese". Nurses measure more than doctors.


What would be the cause of suddenly gaining a large amount of water weight with pitting edema?

There could be multiple reasons why a person gains a large amount of water weight and has pitting edema. It could be a heart of even a kidney problem. You will need to consult with your doctor for further details.


What Medicine can reduce pitting edema in a dog's legs?

I can only guess at what you mean by "pitting edema". If you are describing the looks of the legs, then you need to take your dog into see your local Veterinarian. Sounds like a bite abscess or some other type of infection. Could even be demodex mange gone to the extreme in the skin. That is why you need to take your dog into the Veterinarian to have the problem looked at and treated. Do not try to treat it yourself.


What is the nursing consideration of CHF?

assess b/p lying sitting standing assess signs for angioedema monitor daily weight and assess pt for fluid overload(peripheral edema, rales/crackles, dyspenea, weightgain, jugular venous distention.

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