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Molecular size a bit tricky. As a quick comparison, we can use the covalent radius defined as 1/2 the distance between to identical covalently bonding nuclei. This is measured in picometers (1 pm= 1x 10-12 m). Nitrogen's covalent radius is 75pm so the length of a nitrogen (N2) molecule ought to be 4 X 75pm or 300 pm. A molecule of oxygen (O2) ought to be just a shade smaller 4 X 73pm or 292pm. So an oxygen molecule is a little less than 3% smaller than a nitrogen molecule.

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This isn't the best response, as it does not take into account the different bonding which is present in the two molecules.

Although one could use covalent radius, it is more appropriate to use a covalent radius determined from similar bonding.

For nitrogen, the covalent radius for a triple bond is 54 pm.

For oxygen, the covalent radius for a double bond is 57 pm.

(Numbers from Wikipedia...)

From these numbers alone, one would expect diatomic nitrogen (with its triple bond) to be smaller than diatomic oxygen (with its double bond).

These numbers are similar to bond lengths for diatomic nitrogen and diatomic oxygen of 110 pm (~2 x 54 pm) and 121 pm (~2 x 57 pm), respectively.

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12y ago
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20h ago

A nitrogen molecule (N2) is larger in size compared to a helium molecule (He) because nitrogen has a larger Atomic Mass and contains two nitrogen atoms bonded together. Helium, on the other hand, exists as single atoms.

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11y ago

Covalent radius of nitrogen = 75 picometer

Covalent radius of helium = 32 picometer

So the radius of nitrogen is double than that of helium

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14y ago

The bond length of a C-O bond in CO2 is 116.3 pm and the bond length of N-N is 110 pm. But there are two CO bonds in CO2 so it is larger.

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10y ago

Nitrogen is N2 (2 atoms) for instance Freon-13 is CClF3 and has a total of 5 atoms (1 carbon, 1 chlorine and 3 fluorine atoms). Nitrogen is smaller.

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Q: How does the size of a nitrogen molecule compare to that of a helium molecule?
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What nitrogen's atomic size?

Molecular size a bit tricky. As a quick comparison, we can use the covalent radius defined as 1/2 the distance between to identical covalently bonding nuclei. This is measured in picometers (1 pm= 1x 10-12 m). Nitrogen's covalent radius is 75pm so the length of a nitrogen (N2) molecule ought to be 4 X 75pm or 300 pm. A molecule of oxygen (O2) ought to be just a shade smaller 4 X 73pm or 292pm. So an oxygen molecule is a little less than 3% smaller than a nitrogen molecule.


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