Although Gould was often quote-mined by creationists suggesting that Gould thought that the fossil evidence did not support common descent, none of this relates in any way to natural selection, the proposed mechanism for evolution.
No. Stephen Jay Gould said that natural selection was the best explanation for the evolution of species. However, he differed from Charles Darwin in his understanding of the process.
Whereas Darwin appears to have expected that evolution would be a gradual, continuous process, Gould suggested a process of punctuated equilibrium. He said that species were more likely to have remained relatively unchanged for long periods until a period of rapid evolution resulted in the evolution of new species. He felt that this was more consistent with the fossil record.
As a palaeontologist by profession this was Gould's area of expertise. Although revered as a great scientist Gould has received some attention from creationists for parts of his comments on the nature of the fossil record. He is quote-mined as referring to the fossil record in relation to evolution in the following way:
"The absence of fossil evidence for intermediary stages between major transitions in organic design, indeed our inability, even in our imagination, to construct functional intermediates in many cases, has been a persistent and nagging problem for gradualistic accounts of evolution."
"All paleontologists know that the fossil record contains precious little in the way of intermediate forms; transitions between the major groups are characteristically abrupt."
Stephen Jay Gould 'The return of hopeful monsters'. Natural History, vol. LXXXVI(6), June-July 1977, p. 24.
"The extreme rarity of transitional forms in the fossil record persists as the trade secret of paleontology. The evolutionary trees that adorn our textbooks have data only at the tips and nodes of their branches; the rest is inference, however reasonable, not the evidence of fossils. Yet Darwin was so wedded to gradualism that he wagered his entire theory on a denial of this literal record:
The geological record is (here Gould is quoting Darwin) extremely imperfect and this fact will to a large extent explain why we do not find intermediate varieties, connecting together all the extinct and existing forms of life by the finest graduated steps. He who rejects these views on the nature of the geological record will rightly reject my whole theory. (end of quote)
Darwin's argument still persists as the favored escape of most paleontologists from the embarrassment of a record that seems to show so little of evolution. In exposing its cultural and methodological roots, I wish in no way to impugn the potential validity of gradualism (for all general views have similar roots). I wish only to point out that it was never "seen" in the rocks.
Paleontologists have paid an exorbitant price for Darwin's argument. We fancy ourselves as the only true students of life's history, yet to preserve our favored account of evolution by natural selection we view our data as so bad that we never see the very process we profess to study."
Stephen Jay Gould 'Evolution's erratic pace'. Natural History, vol. LXXXVI95), May 1977, p.14.
Gould's commitment to Darwinian evolution followed from an understanding and knowledge of the fossil record that belies the literal text of the quotes lifted out of context by creationists. What the evidence shows is clear from the completestatements of Gould and many other palaeontologists in their proper context, no matter what creationists make of them.
Stephen Hawking's birth name is Hawking, Stephen William.
British theoretical physicist, Stephen Hawking's suffers from Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or ALS, a condition that has worsened over the years. At this point, he is almost completely paralyzed and can only communication via a speech generating machine.
its a myth because i was struck by lightning three times in the same spot in 25 seconds. read about it in my book "Struck by lightning" by Stephen Person
Stephen Hawking has 3 children
No, he is an MP!
Stephen Pinker has written: 'Natural language and natural selection'
Stephen F. Scheiber has written: 'A Six-Step Economic-Justification Process for Tester Selection'
Stephen Gerrard has written: 'An examination into the rules of evidence and the extent that they protect the accused rights in criminal proceedings'
Stephen D. Wood has written: 'The ABC's of choosing a good husband' -- subject(s): Christianity, Conduct of life, Mate selection, Religious aspects, Religious aspects of Mate selection, Religious life, Single women
Harry Lushington Stephen has written: 'A digest of the law of evidence in courts martial (under the Army and Air Force Acts)' -- subject(s): Courts-martial and courts of inquiry, Evidence (Law)
The cast of Natural Selection - 2004 includes: Beth Gallant as Passerby Deanna Hamel as Victim Stephen Kyle as Passerby
Stephen king is a famous horror book author not a murder. John Lennon was assassinated by the U.S. government.
Stephen Hawking has a neuro-muscular dystrophy that is related to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a condition that has progressed over the years and has left him almost completely paralysed.
Stephen P. Pepe has written: 'Designing an effective fair hiring and termination compliance program' -- subject(s): Dismissal of, Employee selection, Employees, Law and legislation
There is nothing in evidence to suggest that Stephen Jones (Wales and Scarlets) makes hats. However, he is first choice outside half for his country and has been cappedWales
It's named after Stephen Fuller Austin, who is commonly considered the Father of Texas. (Although that's completely debatable)
Stephen Merrill Clark has written: 'Report of the evidence, arguments of counsel, charge, and sentence, at the trial of Stephen Merril Clark, for arson, before the Supreme Judicial Court, February 15, 16 & 17--1821' -- subject(s): Trials (Arson), Trials, litigation, Trials, litigation, etc