Why is orthodox Easter different each year?
It's different for the same reason that Catholic Easter falls on a different day every year, the way it's calculated. The only difference is that the calculation for Orthodox Easter uses the Julian calendar and the Catholic Church uses the Gregorian calendar. The way it works is you start off with the ecclesiastical vernal equinox which always falls on March 21st in the Julian calendar. Easter then falls on the Sunday after the next full moon.
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It is an attempt to make Good Friday fall on or near the first day of Passover since that was the date of the execution of Jesus.
The early church fathers wished to keep the observance of Easter in correlation to the Jewish Passover. Because the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ happened af…ter the Passover, they wanted Easter to always be celebrated subsequent to the Passover. And, since the Jewish holiday calendar is based on solar and lunar cycles, each feast day is movable, with dates shifting from year to year. Easter falls on the first Sunday after the first full moon after equinox.
Catholic churches use two criteria - Easter cannot be before March 21 & must fall on the first Sunday after the vernal equinox (ie first full moon after March 21). The Orthodo…x Easter is determined in the Julian Calendar (used by the Orthodox Church), and also uses the full moon criteria. However, Orthodox Easter is never before or on the Jewish Feast of Passover as Jesus and the disciples observed Passover (Pasech) at the Last Supper. Orthodox use the word "Pascha" for Easter, which is a direct reference to its link with Passover. Both churches celebrated on the same day from AD 325 to AD 1582, when Catholics adopted the Gregorian Calendar and established new criteria for dating Easter. There is much on this subject all over the Internet - !
Orthodox Easter this year will occur on Sunday, April 12, 2015.
It is usually celebrated later than Catholic & Protestant Easter. However, every few years, all of Christendom celebrate Easter together.
The orthodox Easter is celebrated on different dates as Easter in Australia because the orthodox religion follows the Jewish. This is the Sunday after the Jewish Passover and …when the hours in the day are equal to the hours of the night called the "Equlbruim". The Sunday ( a week after the Jewish Passover) is called Palm Sunday for the Orthodox Christians. The Orthodox Christians use this tradition because that is the way it hs been instructed in the Bible.
Easter is not schedualed by the Julian calendar; it is schedualed by the Jewish calendar in conjunction with Passover, the time during which Christ was arrested, tried, and cr…ucified.
The dates are different mainly because the Western churches (Protestant and Catholic) use the Gregorian calender, the Orthodox church still uses the Julian calender which is 1…3 days ahead of the Gregorian. There are also difference in the lunar tables used.
The Orthodox Church uses the old Julian calendar to calculate Easter, whereas the Roman Catholics and Protestants use the new Gregorian calendar. Previously, they all used the… same Julian calendar, until Pope Gregory XIII changed it (and named the new calendar after himself) in 1582. This means that Easter for Roman Catholics and Protestants can often take place before the Jewish passover, which is chronologically inaccurate, whereas Orthodox Easter is always after the Jewish passover, which is the historically accurate sequence of events.
Easter is calculated to follow the Jewish feast of Passover. The Jews use the Jewish calendar to calculate when Passover should occur. Catholics and most Protestants use th…e new Gregorian calendar decreed by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582 to calculate the date of Easter. The Orthodox Church uses the old Julian calendar introduced in 46 B.C.E. by Julius Caesar. As long as you celebrate the Resurrection of Jesus Christ, does the exact date really matter?
Easter Sunday occurs on the first Sunday after the first full moon after the March Equinox
Easter Sunday occurs on the first Sunday after the first full moon after the March equinox [the day the sun crosses the Equator from south to north].
Easter Sunday typically falls on a different date each year becauseof a system that was slowly developed throughout the Middle Ages,and which remainsthe base for what we use t…oday. Easter is always the first Sunday after or on the first full moon,after the Spring (vernal) Equinox in the Northern hemisphere andthe Autumnal Equinox in the Southern hemisphere. The date is determined by a combination of events centered aroundthe lunar cycle, the solar cycle, the division of each year into365 days and a 1,700 year old Church ruling. The explanation starts with the fact that early Christians electedto link the date of Easter to the Hebrew calendar. The NewTestament states that the Resurrection took place on the first dayof the week following Passover. Sunday is the first day of a Jewishweek; the Passover falls on the day of the first full moon afterthe Spring Equinox, which can fall on either March 20 or 21. Chaotic, or what? The result was that different churches ended upcelebrating Easter on various days. And to try to clear up theconfusion, the Roman Emperor Constantine I organized a major summitmeeting. The first Ecumenical Council was held at Nicea in present-dayTurkey in the year 325. It decreed that Easter would be celebratedon the Sunday following the first full moon that occurred after theSpring Equinox. This retained a lunar connection as a sort of"memory" of the Jewish calendar system, and ensured that the feastwould be on a Sunday. Because lunar phases occur independently ofthe solar year, this means that there is a "window" of severalweeks during which Easter may be celebrated. By this reckoning, inour calendar, Easter must occur between March 22 and April 25. So, go to your calendar, and find the first day of spring - thenfind the first full moon immediately following that. And Easterwill be the first Sunday after (or on) that first full moon. Notethe difference in the southern hemisphere: Easter falls on thefirst Sunday on or after the first full moon after the Autumnalequinox, not after the first day of Autumn.
The date for The Orthodox Easter in 1947 was March 31.
Because it is on the Sunday following the first full Moon which falls on or after the Spring equinox. Spring equinox is either March 20 or 21. So it depends on the timing of t…he full moon in March, and the one in April (if the one in March is before the first day of spring).
Because the orthodox use a different calender to the western church
Orthodox christians celebrate Easter or (aka Pascha) by the Julian Calendar which is the Old Church Calendar that was used by all Christians utill about 1600's around that tim…e pope Gregory changed it, the Gregorian Calendar violates certain Acts of the Apostles and the rules of the Eucumenical Council. Gregorian Calendar is 13 days faster than the Julian or the Old Church calendar.