Why does buckminster fullerene conduct electricity?
Because, like graphite, it has got delocalized electrons. These electrons, when the C60 is exposed to a potential difference, are free to move towards the positive pole of the potential difference. But it's not the better conductor compared to graphite. Graphite has more weaker forces on its layers. This makes it more lubricant and therefore more electrically conductive.
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A fullerene is a form of Carbon molecule that is neither diamond nor graphite. Fullerene molecules consist of 60 or more Carbon atoms, the smallest fullerene has no less than …60 carbon atoms (C60) and is called Buckminsterfullerene. Fullerenes are geodesic in shape (spherical like a football- hence the nickname buckyball) and are invariably closed at both ends.
The discovery . The serendipitous discovery took place during experiments involving a cluster beam which uses a laser to vaporise a graphite rod in a helium atmosphere to …produce carbon plasmas. The research was aimed at characterizing unidentified interstellar matter. Mass spectrometry evidence from these experiments indicated that carbon molecules with C 60 atoms were forming, with a spheroidal geometry being most likely.. In 1989 work by KrÃ¤tschmer, Fostiropoulos and Huffman later produced C 60 by arcing carbon rods in an inert atmosphere. Production efficiencies were claimed to me much higher then those produced using the cluster beam. Their finding were confirmed by IR and UV measurements. The structure was named after the architect Richard Buckminster Fuller's geodesic dome structure which bore a resemblance to the structure of the C 60 Buckminsterfullerene structure. These same structures are also known as Buckyballs or fullerenes.. Buckminsterfullerene is the third allotrope of carbon along with graphite and diamond.. Since their discovery, Buckyballs have become such a hot topic of research that they have spawned their own branch of chemistry. So much so that the journal "Fullerene Science and Technology" dedicated to fullerenes was launched in 1993.
Electrical conductance is the reciprocal of electrical resistance. From Ohm's law the resistance is defined as the ratio of the potential difference to the current produced by… it in the conductor.resistance =potential difference /current.conductance = current / potential difference. Conductance of a material gives an idea of how easily it will conduct current. Silver has more conductance than aluminum or iron. Silver will have more current than aluminum or iron when connected to the same electric cell.
conductivity is the ratio of current density to the electric field
the most important property is that its a superconducter
K + C 44 , Cs + C 38
Fullerene C60 and C70 which are the third allotropes of carbon, subsequent to diamond and graphite, have a beautiful spherical structure as shown in the figure. The form of Fu…llerene C60 resembles the dome built by the architect, Buckminster Fuller, and therefore, it is called "Buckminsterfullerene". The existence of Buckminsterfullerenes was hypothesized by Osawa1) more than 35 years ago and discovered by Smalley and co-workers2) relatively recently. Afterwards, Huffman, Kratschmer and coworkers3)have reported on the method to generate Fullerenes in a considerably large quantity. Fullerenes have been studied intensively, particularly in the fields of superconducting devices 4), ferromagnets5), nonlinear optical materials6) , pharmaceuticals7) and the like. Moreover, new Fullerene derivatives obtained by chemical modification8) are being made and the chemistry of the new C60 and C60 derivatives are being explored in many different fields.". Source(s):
Yes, each carbon forms 3 covalent bonds leaving free electrons that can conduct electricity!
diamonds form a 3 dimensional lattice. they also have have four bonds per atom. This makes a very strong material. graphite forms a 2 dimensional lattice. it has 3 bonds pe…r atoms (the fourth bond is added to the other three making partial double bonds). it forms sheets. it has excellent 2-d strength: it is what is used in carbon fibers. it also is an excellent lubricant because the sheets slide on one another. fullerenes are like graphite, but the small sheets are wrapped up into small balls or tubes. this gives them 3 d strength on a nano scale. But they lack large scale 3d properties.
Buckminster fullerene is used now only for research; any application exist today - probable in the future.
Commercial uses of fullerenes Although fullerenes are not yet usedcommercially, applications are being researched, such as catalyticmethane activation to higher hydrocarbons f…unded by the US Dept ofEnergy. Other properties of fullerenes and their compounds such assuperconductivity have yet to be exploited.
I think Fullerene is an element as it contains only carbon.
In 1985, a third crystalline allotrope of carbon called fullerenes was discovered collectively by three scientists namely R.E. Smalley R.F. Curl H.W. Kroto
Its a niglet of the world!
Because of the metals and such in your blood