Why did Truman fire MacArthur?
In a nutshell, MacArthur was fired for continual interference in the politics of the USA rather than applying himself as a better military officer.
After brilliant offensives in Korea and the capture of Pyonyang it appeared the Korean war was finished but the Chinese attacked the UN Forces, crossing the Yalu river with Four infantry armies, three artillery divisions, an anti - aircraft regiment and 260,000 men. The UN forces were forced to retreat and a standoff was achieved at the 38th parallel.
The U.S., during a lull in the fighting, announced that negotiations might be possible with both sides separated by the 38th parallel. As usual MacArthur rejected the idea of a negotiated settlement. MacArthur continued to make statements that were contrary to the official position of Washington, and specifically Truman. The arrogant MacArthur had derailed the U.S. initiative by daring China to continue the war. The Pentagon received his message, which infuriated many high ranking officials. Acheson said that MacArthur had "shot his mouth off" for the last time. The next morning Truman awakened to the news of MacArthur's "sabotage". At that moment he could no longer tolerate his insubordination. Truman had considered firing MacArthur many times previous to this, but this was the last straw. Actually the order of Dec. 6 which MacArthur had disobeyed was explicit enough to warrant court-martial proceedings. MacArthur's statements were causing consternation in Washington as was his insulting personal letter to Ridgway. His advice letter to the House of Representatives again infuriated everyone. The British Government called the letter the "most dangerous" of an "apparently unending series of indiscretions". They claimed it was another irresponsible statement without the authorization of the U.S. or any U.N. member government. The Foreign Secretary complained that MacArthur wanted a war with China, and his leadership could no longer be tolerated. In reality, MacArthur did want to invade China, but in a dangerous way. He suggested using nuclear weapons against them if he was allowed to invade.On Apr. 6 a meeting was held with Truman to determine how to get rid of MacArthur. Truman insisted "I'm going to fire him right now". MacArthur was ordered to turnover his command at once to Lt. General Ridgway. General Bradley warned Truman that if MacArthur heard about the orders before they reached him officially he might resign with an arrogant flair. Truman exclaimed "He isn't going to resign on me, I want him fired". MacArthur's dismissal was announced on late night radio:
"With deep regret I have concluded that General of the Army Douglas MacArthur is unable to give his wholehearted support to the policies of the U.S. Government and of the U.N. in matters pertaining to his official duties. In view of the specific responsibilities imposed upon me by the Constitution of the U.S. and the added responsibilities entrusted to me by the U.N. I have decided that I must make a change in command in the Far East. I have, therefore, relieved General MacArthur of his command and have designated Lt. Gen. Matthew Ridgway as his successor". MacArthur accepted the unsurprising news impassively. He said that he had never disobeyed orders, and that his dismissal was a plot in Washington to weaken the American position in the Far East.
Fundamentally, the reason that MacAurther was fired was that he broke the longstanding U.S. tradition that military officers DON'T try to dictate political decisions to their civilian superiors. In effect, MacAurther was interfering in political matters by making his pronouncements - that is, he was trying to make political policy, rather than execute policy decided upon by the civilian command. Truman was entirely correct in firing him, and only MacAurther's public popularity prevented a court-martial (which, frankly, was entirely warranted, given the situation).
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his complaints were publicized
President Truman's firing of General MacArthur, someone whom mostpeople thought of as a hero, was widely unpopular and still iscontroversial. The firing of MacArthur for 'disr…especting thepresident,' gave rise to national, as well as, internationaldisagreement, and questions about the powers of the president. Boththe United States' ally, Great Britain, as well as its formerenemy, Japan, spoke out against the removal of MacArthur, withEmperor Hirohito meeting with MacArthur as a show of respect.
General MacArthur was defiant of President Truman's philosophy of containment in the Korean conflict so President Truman relieved him of his command in Korea on April 10th, 19…51.
General MacArthur had a born to rule obsession that came close to Adolph Hitler. Also, he was a condescending republican who had routed his own troops during the depression.
After U.S. forces recovered Seoul, the http://www.answers.com/topic/why-did-truman-fire-general-douglas-macarthur# of South Korea, in spring of 1951 for the second time, Pre…sident Truman proposed negotiations with North Korea, hoping for a truce and wanting to avoid having the war spread further in Asia and possibly involving the Soviet Union. MacArthur disagreed publicly. Declaring "there is no substitute for victory," MacArthur advocated another http://www.answers.com/topic/why-did-truman-fire-general-douglas-macarthur# into North Korea that would be coordinated with an attack on China by Chiang Kai-shek, the Chinese leader who had been defeated by communists and had created a stronghold on the island of Taiwan. MacArthur found supporters in Congress. Truman fired MacArthur for challenging his authority as commander in chief. MacArthur returned to the United States for a rousing, hero's welcome before crowds in New York City and Washington, D.C. He addressed a joint session of Congress, where he justified his conduct in Korea and his bold plan for fighting communism. Many congressmen applauded MacArthur's plans. However, a subsequent congressional investigation concluded that MacArthur had violated his orders from the commander in chief. Omar Bradley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, emphasized that MacArthur risked involving the United States in a large-scale Asian land war against China, and possibly the Soviet Union, as well. It would be "the wrong war, at the wrong place, at the wrong time, and with the wrong enemy," concluded Bradley.
Insubordination . Doug was planning to drop several nukes along border to cut off re supply to from China This plan was nixed, His subsequent push Northward was counter to ear…ly truce plans, talks in Paris stalled, and then Chinese involvement drives UN force back to 38th Parallel still the present day border.
Truman dismissed General McArthur in April 1951 for being too aggressive with his tactics - ruman only wanted to use George Kennan's policy of 'containment' (not letting commu…nism expand), whereas General McArthur used the policy of 'rollback' (pushing your army into enemy territory and forcing them to retreat). Truman did not like this as it made the USA seem overly aggressive, and it was causing more deaths than necessary.
American President Harry Truman sacked, that is "relieved ofcommand" General Douglas MacArthur to maintain civilian control ofthe military. MacArthur held the Truman Administr…ation in opendisdain, and wanted to escalate the Korean War into the Chinesemainland. Truman held such risks to be unacceptable. Truman'sdecision to sack one of military histories greatest generalsremains controversial. Macarthur was found by many to be a militarygenius for bringing the Japanese in WWII to surrender, and his workin rebuilding them after the war.
MacArthur believed that expanding the war and moving forces to the Yalu, along with use of additional friendly forces would force China to stop fighting in support of North Ko…rea and result in final victory for UN forces. MacArthur was aware that Chinese forces were already supporting North Korean forces, but was unaware of the massing of forces taking place in China and being encouraged by China in Russia that may have preempted his proposed strategy. Truman was afraid this strategy would bring Russia into the war and potentially could lead to atomic war, and therefore wanted to use a "containment strategy" that would limit the scope and avoid expansion of additional international involvement. MacArthur was outspoken and aggressive in his pursuit of following through on his plans and disobeyed the lawful order of the President to obtain clearance. Despite the obvious liabilities associated with dismissing an extremely beloved commander, Truman's hand was forced and MacArthur was dismissed.
1951, on the 11th of April.
Because Macarthur wanted to declare war on China but Truman disagreed and fired him.
Yes. MacArthur's success in total war was brilliant, but he did not grasp the concept of limited war which was necessary in the nuclear age. After much disagreement on the con…duct of the war, Truman relieved him of command and replaced him with Ridgway.
I see you have Ms. Bafford.
The general public viewed him as a hero even after President Trumanfired him. He was a person of respect and moral integrity becauseof how he behaved during the Korean operati…ons.