Why did Nazis target certain groups for elimination?
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Short answer: Jews, 'gypsies' (Romanies and Sinti), Soviet prisoners of war, Communists, liberals, other political dissidents, incurables, Jehovah's Witnesses and homosexuals.… When used by professional historians the term the Holocaust generally refers specifically to the genocide of the Jews. ___ . Jews . Roma/Sinti (Gypsies, Romanies) . Freemasons . Opponents of the Nazis, including communists, socialists, labor leaders and people who opposed the Nazis on religious grounds . Soviet political advisers ('Politruks') . Soviet prisoners of war (with 3.3 million to 3.5 million killed, this was by far the largest group after the Jews) . Resistance fighters . 'Unco-operative' Poles . Polish academics and other intellectuals and other members of the Polish elite . Gays . Jehovah's Witnesses . Various incurables (mental and physical) . Social 'misfits' (for example, prostitutes and people with no fixed address, beggars, the 'unemployable') Although the Jews were targeted by Nazis, there were many others who are often overlooked. The Nazis wanted 'Lebensraum' (meaning 'living space') to the east, so each of the eastern countries bordering Germany was targeted (at least for enslavement). The Polish people were among the victims of the Nazi extermination, referred to in this 22 August 1939 speech excerpt from Adolf Hitler to Reichmarshal Hermann Goering and the commanding generals at Obersalzberg: "Our strength consists in our speed and in our brutality. Genghis Khan led millions of women and children to slaughter - with premeditation and a happy heart. History sees in him solely the founder of a state. It's a matter of indifference to me what a weak western European civilization will say about me. I have issued the command - and I'll have anybody who utters but one word of criticism executed by a firing squad - that our war aim does not consist in reaching certain lines, but in the physical destruction of the enemy. Accordingly, I have placed my death-head formations in readiness - for the present only in the East - with orders to them to send to death mercilessly and without compassion, men, women, and children of Polish derivation and language. Only thus shall we gain the living space (Lebensraum) which we need. Who, after all, speaks today of the annihilation of the Armenians? " Please see the related question below..
The Nazis Targeted: . People of Jewish Faith. Homosexuals. People whose beliefs were on the far left of the political spectrum (i.e. a communist). Poles. Slavs. Russians…. Romanians. Mentally ill or Disabled. Permanently physically disabled. Freemasons. Jehovah's Witness.
The nazis targeted people of the Jewish ethnicity and race, peoplewith hereditary diseases, disabled people, homosexuals, and theJehovah's Witnesses.
The Nazis wanted to eliminate the undesirable groups because theywere believed to be enemies of the state and were unable to liveand work within a stable society. Originally H…itler did not want tokill the Jews but only remove them from Germany.
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people who didnt believe in his rule and Jewish People
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There were many groups targeted by the Nazis, each for their ownreason, but fundamentally because the Nazis did not see a place forthem in German society. Different groups we…re targeted for different levels of persecutionat different times. For example Gypsies were rounded up and experimented on and it wasonly late into the war that they were targeted for execution. Inaddition to this different tribes were treated differently and thesame tribes were treated differently dependent on which countrythey were from. The disabled, especially the mentally disabled were the first to betargeted for execution, this was before the Holocaust. The reasonfor this was that they were seen as not contributing to society andbeing a drain on resources. Jews were the only other group targeted for execution, at first, in1939 they were segregated and their numbers were so great in smallspaces (ghettos) that in 1941 the decision to liquidate the ghettoswas taken, in 1942 about three million Jews would be murdered, thedecision was then made to unilaterally murder all Jews in occupiedEurope. After Jews the next largest group was Soviet POWs, many of thesewere Jews themselves and they suffered near similar conditions, butinstead of being gassed to death, they were worked to death. There were also millions of Slav civilians who were worked to deathin near slave conditions. There were also many minor groups who were persecuted forpolitical, social or moral reasons, but none would see persecutionon the same scale as those mentioned, these include: tradesunionists, communists, homosexuals, Jehovahs Witnesses, 'SwingKids', habitual criminals and violent criminals.
Jews , Gypsies , anyone NOT of Christian Faith. anyone who was not of "Pure" blood, (ARYAN) ___ With respect, Christianity has absolutely nothing to do with race ! … Nazi racism targeted: . Jews, who were seen as a race . Romani/Sinti ('gypsies') . Most Slavs Also: -Jehovah's Witnesses (called 'Bible Students' back then) -Communists
They targeted whatever Adolf Hitler didn't like.
what happened to them was similar, though on a differing scale. Obviously taking the Jews and the gypsies out of it as theirs was a totally different experience. They would… generally be arrested and placed in protective 'custody'. They would either just be held in a camp or be forced into hard labour. During the 1930's there was a chance that they could yet be released, in fact some groups could be released at any time, for example Jehovah's Witnesses: if they turned their backs on their religion they would be released (this was rare, they generally rather chose death). Career criminals and political [prisoners were more likely to end up in labour camps as the Nazis were more keen that they should never be released, in those camps they would generally be in charge of Jews who (for various reasons) they would abuse to a greater degree than the Nazis would. Eventually being worked to death was the fate for most of these people.
each group had its reasons for being targeted, you need to specify which you want to know about.
There were a lot of groups targeted by the Nazis in WW2 but here are the groups with the most deaths : . Jews (over 6,000,000 killed) . Poles (approx. 5.5 - 5.9 million… and of these about 2.9 million Jews killed) . Handicapped people were (200,000 - 250,000 killed) . Roma Gypsies (approx. 220,000 dead) Hope it helps.
In addition to the Jews of Europe , many millions (I don't quote a number because it varies from source to source) of non Jews were specifically targeted by Hitler and the Na…zis. The first target were the people of Poland; "All Poles will disappear from the world.... It is essential that the great German people should consider it as its major task to destroy all Poles." Heinrich Himmler The next group were Jehovah Witnesses who were forced to wear purple armbands and thousands were imprisoned as dangerous traitors because they refused to take a pledge of loyalty to the Third Reich. The Gypsies of Europe were historically treated the same as Jews. The Nazis believed both the Jews and the Gypsies were racially inferior and degenerate and therefore worthless. Their extermination was a parallel operation carried out using the same process as the extermination of the Jews. All Europeans suspected of being a part of or supporting the underground and all conscientious objectors were targeted for death (no questions asked). Even though most German citizens were supportive of Hitler's plan to control Europe, there were German citizens who died because they refused to go along with Hitler's plan. Pastors , priests , and clergymen were high priority targets. Hitler expected his followers to worship the Nazi ideology. Catholic priests and Christian pastors were often influential leaders in their community; they were sought out by the Nazis for transport to camps. Homosexuals and those suspected of being homosexual were sent to the camps. Even SS soldiers who were suspected were sent to the camps wearing their SS uniforms with the pink triangle sewn on it. This was done to ensure they receive the worst treatment in the camps. The Nazi regime decided early that it was a waste of money to support those who could needed care, so the disabled and mentally ill were disposed of. Even members of good Aryan families were destroyed without their families being informed; families would receive a notification from the institution saying that their relative had died of a disease and cremated. In reality, these people had been loaded into transport trucks with the exhaust line fed into the cargo area so all they needed to do was drive them to a disposal site. Later, a propaganda agenda was launched throughout Germany to convince the public that euthanasia was the humane course. During World War I, black African soldiers were recruited by the French during the Allied occupation. Some of these black soldiers married white German women that bore children referred to as "Rhineland Bastards". In Mein Kampf, Hitler said he would rid Germany all the children born of African-German descent . The non Jewish spouses of German Jews were were forced to choose between divorce or concentration camps. Of course any mixed children would stay with the Jewish parent. Any of these non Jewish spouses who chose their family were sent to the camps. Many other groups of varying types were also targeted. People who enjoyed or supported in any way, non-German, Nazified arts were considered degenerates. American jazz, impressionist art, and any science that didn't support the superiority of the Aryan race, just to name a few.
jews ---- The Communists, Social Democrats and trade union leaders. The Jews were rather lower down the list.
Two groups were: trade unionists and Jehovah's Witnesses.