What is a koala?

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The Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) is a marsupial mammal and is indigenous to Australia. Its closest relative is the wombat.

Koalas are indigenous to Australia and live in tropical to temperate eucalypt forest and woodlands. They can be found along the eastern and south-eastern coastal regions.
They live in eucalyptus trees and eat only a few types of gum leaves from which they get all nutrients and water requirements. Eucalyptus leaves are tough, toxic and low in nutrition, but the koala has developed a stomach which is capable of removing the toxins from where they are filtered out by the liver. The caecum completes the process by changing the eucalyptus leaves into digestible nutrients. The caecum is similar to the human appendix.

The koala must eat over a kilogram of leaves per day to meet its energy requirements. Eucalyptus leaves contain approximately 50% water, 18% fibre, 13% tannins, 8% fat, 5% carbohydrates, 4% protein and 2% minerals. Koalas have been seen feeding in 120 kinds of eucalypt tree including Manna Gum, Swamp Gum, Blue Gum, Forest Red Gum and Grey Gum.

Koalas are marsupials, that is, pouched mammals, meaning that the young are born extremely undeveloped, and most of their development occurs in the mother's pouch. They breed from September to February, with females breeding from 2 years of age, and males from 3-4 years after they have established their own territory. Males are extremely aggressive during mating periods. Thirty-five days after mating, the female produces one joey weighing about 0.5 grams and about 2 cm long. The joey then makes its way to the mother's pouch where it attaches to a teat. The teat swells in its mouth, preventing the young koala from being accidentally dislodged as the mother moves about.

Koalas have a woolly light to dark grey fur with brown and white patches and a cream belly. They have a broad head with small eyes, large furry ears and a distinctive large black nose. Females have two teats and a rear opening pouch. Mature males have a brown stain on their chest, the result of a gland which produces an orange coloured discharge. This is used to mark the trees the male climbs by rubbing this gland against the base of the tree and the trunk. This is believed to be territorial behaviour, and to attract females ready for mating.

Northern koalas can grow to 740 mm and 9 kg for males and 720 mm and 7.25 kg for females. Southern koalas can grow to 820 mm and 15 kg for males and 730 mm and 11 kg for females.

They can live for up to 18 years for females and a bit less for males.

Koalas can leap up to 2 metres and can swim. They curl up into a ball to keep warm and spread out to keep cool.
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What is a koala in Spanish?

The word "koala" is derived from a similar sounding Aboriginal word, so it probably does not have a Spanish translation.

What can koalas do?

Koalas are one of the few animals that can digest eucalyptus leaves. . Koalas can quickly climb trees to escape predators, and balance comfortably in the forks of trees. . K

What is a koala afraid of?

Koalas fear Man - yet, despite this, in times of distress they will seek man for help, as was certainly evidenced during the droughts and bushfires in early 2009. Koalas also

Koala is not a bear - then what is a koala?

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Where can you get a koala?

You can't. Koalas are protected native animals of Australia. No one ispermitted to keep one as a pet.

What is a koala bear if it isn't a bear?

A koala is not a bear. It is a marsupial. It is not even remotely related to the bear family, all of which are placental mammals. The term "koala bear" is a misnomer that is n

What is a Koala Corridor?

A koala corridor refers to an extended area of bushland where koalas are commonly found, usually running north to south. It is known koala habitat amid urbanised or semi-rural
In Koalas

What is a koala bear like?

Firstly, a koala is not a bear. It is a marsupial. Koalas have woolly light to dark grey fur with brown and white patches and a cream belly. They have a broad head with sma
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What is a koala endangered by?

As of 2013, koalas are not officially endangered, but that does not mean that they are free from threats to their future existence, as in some areas of Australia koala populat
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What is a koala good at?

Koalas are excellent at climbing. They have very sharp claws whichenable them to grip and climb tall, straight gum trees with verysmooth bark.