What events led to the Diaspora?

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The Diaspora (scattering of the Jewish people) began because we were unable to live in the Holy Land.
1) Around 2600 years ago, the Assyrians forcibly exiled the Ten Israelite tribes to points unknown. A small percentage of each of these tribes is still among us, but most of them were exiled.

2) Around 2500 years ago, the Babylonians destroyed the First Temple and forcibly exiled the remainder of Israel's population to Babylonia.
While the Jews were permitted to return to Israel (Judea) seventy years later, and tens of thousands did so (and rebuilt the Temple), most of them remained in Babylonia, while others began to settle in North Africa, southern Europe, the Crimea, throughout the Near East and elsewhere.

3) In 68 CE, the Romans destroyed the Second Temple. The Romans did not force the Jews out of Judea in a single expulsion. Rather, the Romans expelled them from Jerusalem only; and the rest of Judea lost its Jews slowly, over a period of centuries, as living there became too harsh. Even then, we have records of Jewish communities who lived in Judea (Palestine) during the entire period of the last two millenia.

Those Jews who left Judea went to southern Europe, North Africa, Arabia, the Near East, and (slowly) further afield (especially throughout Europe).
See also:
The last decisive event that led to the Jewish diaspora, had to do with the Roman inflicted genocide of Jews in 70 AD. This event still is one of the major reasons of conflict between Israel, Palestine and Arabic nations today.

Acording to the historian Josephus: "Josephus claims that 1,100,000 people were killed during the siege, of which a majority were Jewish, and that 97,000 were captured and enslaved, including Simon bar Giora and John of Giscala."[4]

Those who survived where taken captive and sent to Rome to serve as slaves.
Many fled to other Mediterranean countries; such as Egypt, Turkey, Spain, Syria Jordan, Morocco, etc.

After the genocide, the Romans introduced people from different surrounding nations, (mostly Arabic) and called it Palestine.

If you want further information about this go to Wikipedia under:
"Seige of Jerusalem (70)".
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