The amount of the lighted side of the moon you can see is the same during?
first quarter and third quarter phase.
It is tidal locking that causes the synchronous rotation which causes the Moon to present "just one side" to the Earth all the time. The Moon rotates (spins) but very slowly…, making one turn on its axis in the same time it takes to revolve (orbit) around the Earth. So it maintains a "constant face" in our direction. We actually see slightly more than half of its surface as it turns. It is believed that the Moon originally had a faster rotation (spin), but the effect of the Earth's gravity was to reduce the spin. (The dwarf planet Pluto and its moon Charon are believed to be "dually locked", so that each shows the "same side" to the other as Charon orbits.)
Answer . Because of the proximity of the moon to the earth and the effect of the earth's gravitation on the moon, the moon has experienced tidal locking and is now in what …is called synchronous orbit about the earth. We always see the same side of the moon because it makes one rotation about its axis for every orbit it makes about the earth. Exactly. The curious person would follow the related links below to get more of the particulars.
in northern hemisphere the sunlit part of the moon moves from right to left and in the southern hemisphere the sunlit part of the moon moves from left to right
Pretty much. The moon keeps the same face turned towards Earth all the time, though it "wobbles" a bit so it's possible to see a bit over half its surface from Earth (not all …at the same time, of course), but about 40% of the far side had never been seen until the Soviet Union sent a lunar orbiter up in the 1960s and took pictures.
What is this called during these moon phases the amount of the lighted side that can be seen begins to decrease?
The phases where less of the moon is seen are called "waning", "waxing" refers to an increasing amount of visible moon.
new moon and full moon phase .
Yes. Because of its locked orbit, the same side of the moon always faces the Earth.
-- First and Third Quarters -- Gibbous phases . . . every moment during 'waxing' has an identical counterpart during 'waning' -- Crescent phases . . . every moment during '…waxing' has an identical counterpart during 'waning'
Yes, because the moon spins one time every year and so does the earth, and the moon spins the same time and same way as the earth.
Provided your sky is clear and you know when and where to look, you can see at least some of the moon's lighted side on roughly 26 days/nights out of every 29. At the time… of the Full Moon, you see essentially all of it.
No. The amount of the Moon visible from the Earth varies, depending on the phase of the Moon. At Full Moon, you see nearly all of the Moon's illuminated side. At New Moon, y…ou see nearly none of it. At Quarter Moon, you see about half of it.
Just like the sun the moon rises and sets...so as the earth rotates you see the same moon and the same sun it's just when the sun is on one part of the earth you see the moon …and vice versa..... Comment: I can't say that helps much, but I will not delete that answer. This is my answer: People see the same side of the Moon because gravity has locked the Moon's rotation period at the same length of time as the time the Moon takes to complete one orbit of the Earth. If you think about it, that means we must always see the same side of the Moon.
The question may mean "Why?" not "What?" That question is answered elsewhere.
What is this called during these moon phases the amount of the lighted side that can be seen begins to increase?
because it is just there