How was Battleship navy to a carrier navy shift seen in World War 2?
After aerial bombardment on battleships, it seemed big gunned castles were obsolete. If a couple of aircraft can sink a ship like the Musashi (HIJMS, WWII), aircraft carriers became the most powerful ship, long range. However, the US Navy isn't giving up: A handful of battleships remain in the US Navy's arsenal. ___________________________________________________________________ While the submarine finally proved itself in World War 1, the carrier missed its chance, and it could be argued that the Japanese did the United States a favor by sinking their battleships at Pearl Harbor. Even after the British success at Taranto a year earlier, the battleship was still considered the most important warship in the USN. After Pearl Harbor, newer and better battleships were built, but many more carriers were built. No more chivalrous battleship lines. No more "crossing the T." The Battle of Java Sea in 1942 was the last time that an all-ship battle would be fought. The shift was gradual, but the writing was on the wall. The battleship still had value for shore bombardment and and fleet security, but the carrier would decide future sea battles. Great Britain and Japan were the only two countries to operate carriers in World War 1, although they did not see action. These countries had a greater appreciation of naval air power in World War 2, and they were the first to use it successfully. The US Navy had to learn the hard way, but they learned.
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Answer . \nThe Navy was a vital arm of fighting in WWII, especially in the Pacific theater.\n. \nThe Navy guarded convoys in the Atlantic, fought submarines, shelled the c…oastline in preperation for attacks, and served as a vital supply route along with the Merchant Marine.\n. \nIn the Pacific, the Navy defeated the Japanese Imperial Navy-sinking most of the Japanese carriers and battleships either with carrier-launched aircraft or submarines. The Navy also ferried the Marine and Army units which fought hard to recapture lost territory and bring the fight to the Japanese
The most famous role of US Navy medics was fulfilling the role of the US Marine "Corpsman." The US Army used "medics", the US Marine's call their medic a "Corpsman." During th…e 20th Century, all Marines used to be Riflemen First; tank crewmen, aircraft crewmen, artillerymen, etc. SECOND. Therefore, they could NOT be medical personnel at the same time. It was contradicting; so the US NAVY SUPPLIED THE MARINES WITH A MEDIC...and they called him a "Corpsman.". The most famous photograph of WWII; the US Marines Raising the US Flag on Iwo Jima in 1945: ONE OF THOSE MEN WAS A US NAVY CORPSMAN.
first answer: The three largest navies in the world at the start in 1939 were United States, Great Britain & Japan. The US & GB navies were about the same size at the start. B…eginning in 1940 the US Navy began to exceed the size of the British Royal Navy. By the end of the war in August 1945, the US Navy was by far the largest in the world. In fact, its size was greater than any other navy in world history (before or after the war). The british navy was the largest at the beginning ww2 second answer: Also the US Navy at the end of the Second World War had a very large qualitative advantage over the navies of almost all other nations with respect to: electronics & radar; naval aviation-aircraft, crew & support; damage control training & procedures, large fleet operations; anti-submarine warfare; anti-aircraft weapons & proximity fuses; naval gunfire (range, accuracy, armor penetration, rate of fire, etc.); superior ship classes (faster, longer range, better protected, more firepower, etc); excellent at-sea refueling & replenishment capability; better maintained & supplied units; and better signals security. Bottom line-By the end of the war, the US Navy was both extremely large and extremely well armed, equipped, trained, manned, and led.
Fight the German navy & the Italian navy & to a lesser extent the Japanese navy.
The simple answer is: Yes. Note that really there is only one class of battleship designed and build during WW2: the United States' Iowa class. All the rest of the battles…hips used by world powers were designed and built prior to the war (though several were finished during 1939-1940). However, the majority of aircraft carriers were designed and built during the war. For the most part, pre-war "fleet" aircraft carriers were built on hulls about the same size as a large cruiser or battlecruiser (indeed, most of them were converted from such a ship sometime during their original construction process). As such, they were slightly smaller than contemporary battleships, both in size and in weight. Comparing the primary aircraft carrier and battleship classes built during the actual war, you have: Essex -class carrier: Length: 820 ft (waterline), 872 ft (overall) Beam: 93 ft (waterline), 147 ft (overall) Draft: 34 ft full load Displacement: 36,000 tons full load Iowa -class battleship: Length: 861 ft (waterline), 890 ft (overall) Beam: 108 ft (both waterline and overall) Draft: 36 ft full load Displacement: 58,000 tons full load The one-off IJN Shinano was built on the not-completed hull of a 3rd Yamato -class superbattleship. It was sunk by the USS Archerfish in Japanese home waters before final construction was completed. It was slightly larger than the Essex class, but displaced over twice as much. Note, only the US and Japan built any notable number of large aircraft carriers during the war, and the US was the only power to build whole new battleships (though both Britain and Japan finished several under construction when the war began).
The most famous RN battleship sunk in WWII was the HMS Hood, sunk by the German battleship Bismarck in May 1941 in the Denmark Strait, one of several ships including the HMS P…rince of Wales, trying to prevent the Bismarck from escaping to the open Atlantic to do damage to merchant shipping vital to the war effort. This was just prior to the famous battle in which WWI biplane torpedo planes from the carrier HMS Ark Royal disabled the Bismarck's rudder, allowing British battleship King George V and other RN ships to catch up and finally sink her. The battleship Royal Oak, a WWI battleship, was sunk in 1939 by a German U-boat in another famous attack at the Royal Navy base at Scapa Flow. The ship was at anchor in Scapa Bay when it was attacked by the U-47. It was one of the more famous attacks of the war by the Germans as the approach is very shallow - between 70-160' deep, not much room for a submarine. HMS Barham, sunk by U-331 November 25, 1941 in the Mediterranean. HMS Repulse, sunk by Japanese aircraft December 10, 1941 near Singapore. HMS Prince of Wales, sunk by Japanese aircraft December 10, 1941, near Singapore. Damaged by Bismarck in the exchange which sank the Hood. HMS Centurion - scuttled off the Normandy beaches, June 9,1944. Partial reference: http://www.hazegray.org/navhist/battleships/rn_dr.htm
The Japanese had the strongest Naval Fleet after they had destroyed a lot of the Western US Naval Fleet. The Brits had a superior Naval Fleet before the U Boats began destroyi…ng a huge portions of Naval vessels. The Germans had the superior submarine fleet by sheer volume of them. At the end of the war the US had the largest and supposedly best fleet. Since some of the Navies were superior at some times and in some places it is difficult to just say "this navy was the best navy in WW2".
No the Navy SEALs originated in the Vietnam War
USS Missouri because the Japanese signed the instrument of surrender upon her decks, ending WWII on 02 September '45.
Did the pilots during World War 2 that flew off the navy carriers fall under the army air corp or where they navy?
The Navy has always flown its own aircraft on aircraft carriers, since the first carrier was commissioned March 20th, 1922. There have been other types of aircraft flown on/of…f carriers by the army, but none of them were ever considered to be stationed on a carrier.
The merchant navy was and is the cargo ships of any country. In WW2 they were often armed or had a fighter aircraft.
The precursor units to the SEALs operated in both theaters of war. In the Pacific the UDT Underwater Demolition Teams cleared and mapped the beach landings prior to the USMC a…ssaults. In the European theater the NCDU Naval Combat Demolition Units performed similar functions.
"Cox" is short for the Navy term "Coxswain". Coxswains are essentially small boat pilots; the term is applied to those who pilot/steer craft anywhere in size from a small yach…t to a rowing scull. In WWII, Coxswains also piloted amphibious landing craft (e.g., Higgins Boats) during amphibious assaults in all theatres of war. The Coxswain duty is usually performed by a Boatswain's Mate.
Why didn't us back of the navy forces of guadacanal with the older battleships to counter the tokyo express in world war 2?
There were several factors. There were a limited number of ships of all types available, and the Navy was fearful of hazarding them lest they be lost, and not immediately repl…aced. The US had pushed internationally for limitations on naval construction, and this had led to the Washington Naval Treaty of 1923, which brought a "building holiday". This left the US with 15 battleships, all finished before the Treaty. But the US had two oceans to worry about an the Japanese only the one. The US was committed to a "Germany first" strategy, which had seen an entire destroyer squadron of 15 ships transferred from the Pacific to the Atlantic in the months before Pearl Harbor. The Japanese had announced in 1935 that they would no longer be bound by the terms of the 1923 Treaty, but the US was slow to begin building again in response. It takes several years to build a capital ship. The first of the new"fast battleships" did not arrive in the Pacific until after Midway. Nine battleships were assigned to the Pacific Fleet at the time of Pearl Harbor, but one was undergoing extensive modernization at Puget Sound. All these nine old battleships had undergone this procedure or would need to do so to be effective. But they would still be slow - their top design speed was 21 knots. The other eight were in Pearl Harbor at the time of the attack and were more or less seriously damaged. Two would never sail again. Others were on the bottom but might be refloated and repaired. Even if they were available the Navy wanted to refit them with modern 5"/38cal secondary battery turrets to give better protection against air attack. The Navy was very leery of hazarding battleships to enemy air attack after Pearl Harbor and the loss of the British Prince of Wales and Repulse to air attack the following day, unless friendly air cover could be given. The Navy only had three carriers in the Pacific, and was almost pathologically reluctant to commit them anywhere near the enemy-infested waters off Guadalcanal. The Wasp was torpedoed and sunk (and the new fast battleship North Carolina also took a torpedo) by a submarine September 15. Carriers were also damaged or sunk in the two carrier battles which ensued when the Navy did commit its precious carriers in the south Pacific near Guadalcanal - the Battle of the Eastern Solomons and the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, in August and October. When the Navy committed its remaining two undamaged fast battleships then available to night action around Guadalcanal, the Washington did sink a Japanese battleship, the Kirishima - the only head-to-head gunnery duel in the war, but the South Dakota was severely damaged.