How is pyelonephritis treated?
Therapy most often involves a two- to three-week course of antibiotics
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pyelonephritis is an urinary tract infection that has reached the pyelum (pelvis) of the kidney. Pyelonephritis is an infection of the kidney.
use of a urinary catheter for draining urine from the bladder . surgery on the urinary tract . diagnostic testing that uses a scope to enter the urinary tract, such as cysto…scopy . conditions that block the way the urine flows through the urinary tract, including uterine fibroids, benign prostatic hyperplasia, kidney stones, and pregnancy . conditions that make a person more prone to infection, such as diabetes . a problem with the urinary tract that is present at birth
Back lower pain and also around abdomen area . Feel pain when urinating . Increased urinating frequency compared to normal day, except with little urine . Urine may contain… blood and was in darker color or murky. . fever . smelly urine . nausea and throwing up . Fatigue . Diarrhea
wiping from the front to the back of the genital area, especially after a bowel movement . drinking plenty of fluids . emptying the bladder at least every 3 to 4 hours and a…fter sexual intercourse . avoiding bubble baths . avoiding tight fitting clothes . wearing cotton underwear
e.coli is main cause of pyelonephritis.diabetes mellitus ,poor hygiene,socio economic status.
poor tissue penetration
Pyelonephritis is not contagious.
The diagnosis of pyelonephritis is based on the patient's history, a physical examination, and the results of laboratory and imaging tests
Symptoms of acute pyelonephritis typically include fever and chills, burning or frequent urination, aching pain on one or both sides of the lower back or abdomen, cloudy or bl…oody urine, and fatigue
Chronic pyelonephritis: long-standing disease associated with either active or inactive (healed) kidney infection.
Emphysematous pyelonephritis: acute infection associated with gas in and around the kidney. This type almost always occurs in persons with diabetes.
Chronic pyelonephritis may require high doses of antibiotics for as long as six months to clear the infection
Acute pyelonephritis is most common in adult females but can affect people of either sex and any age
The risk of kidney infection includes blood poisoning, which is a serious matter and can result in death.
The antibiotics used most often include ciprofloxacin (Cipro), ampicillin (Omnipen), or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)
Left untreated or unresolved, it can progress to a chronic condition that lasts for months or years, leading to scarring and possible loss of kidney function
Kidney infection are caused when bacteria E. coli bacteria entered into the kidney and start to multiply.