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How did Thomas Malthus influence Darwin's theory of evolution?
By writing a book that proposed human suffering and death from starvation because the population of humans went up exponentially but the supply of food goes up arithmetically. Darwin took this idea as an insight. He figured that populations of organisms produced far more progeny then the environment could supply with resources. So a selective process would be put in place. The fitter organisms would survive and reproduce while this much less fit would lose the struggle for existence.
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According to Malthus, when food production is more than is needed by the population, the population increases; if population grows too much faster than food production, the po…pulation growth is slowed by famine, disease, and war.
\nAs Charles Darwin published "The Origin of Species" in 1859 and the Enlightenment took place in the 18th century, the answer is no.
Thomas Malthus said that the human population is going to decrease over the years because there are not enough fod resources to sustain the growing/exponential population. So …there will be competition and the most FIT will get the food, reproduce, and spread their genes. This is the basis of Darwin's theory, that scarcity of resources, territory, etc. leads to the most fit to survive from competition and thus the survivors will therefore create more babies and their genes will be passed to the next generation, thereby creating more species with those fit genes.
Thomas Malthus predicted that the human population will grow faster than the space and food suples needed to sustain it. Darwin and Malthus concluded that If all offspring of …almost any species survived for several generations, they would overrun the world.
He did not have one himself, he simply stated that all populations eventually crash because population growth tends to follow exponential functions and resource growth tends t…o follow polynomial functions. Eventually the population will exceed its resources and mass starvation and population crash will occur. Darwin used this as one of his assumptions in developing natural selection.
lyell influenced Darwin by studying the geographic accounts of fossils. his work was plausible enough that Darwin could present his ideas with some other supporting ideas.
Malthus described the effects of a rising human population and a limited supply of food, leading to the "Malthusian catastrophe" in which there were too many people and not en…ough food. Darwin applied this to all populations and saw that resources (or lack thereof) limit survival.
I'm not sure Thomas Malthus had any theory pertaining to "evolution," strictly. Malthus was rather the prophet of "overpopulation." He put forward the idea that, if human po…pulations kept reproducing, eventually we would crowd the world and create an ecological disaster.
Thomas Malthus' work originated around population statistics and how they are affected by different factors. His work was instrumental for Darwin and Wallace's proposal of nat…ural selection. Just to add, no he did not propose a theory of evolution.
I only have two, sorry :P . when his daughter died, he started questioning the existence of God. . Wallace persuaded him to publish his book on his theory of evolution. … hope this helps!
Population increases faster than the food supply (summary version)
Malthus wrote a book that explained how resources increased arithmetically while human population increased geometrically ( exponentially ). So Darwin used this idea in showin…g that more organisms are born than can be supported by the environment and this set up a struggle for existence in which those organisms better suited to survive and reproduce in the immediate environment would leave more descendents in the population over time.
To add to the question: Some examples are the expansion of European states, global exploration, racial ideals, religious beliefs, politics, slavery, educated elite, associat…ed sciences, and questions on human ancestry and decent.
The Galapagos Islands.
How has Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection influenced scientific thinking in the modern world?
The theory of evolution by natural selection, which is the cornerstone of biology, is the basis for immunology, evolutionary biology, ecology, biological anthropology, neurolo…gy, evolutionary development and a host of other scientific disciplines. The testable hypotheses that evolutionary theory generates reaches as far as astronomy and Lee Smolin's concept about evolving universes.
Malthus wrote a book that claimed human population grows exponentially while food supply grows arithmetically. Darwin used this concept to postulate that many more organisms a…re born into the world that there are resources to support them and this erect a struggle for existence between organisms of the same species and, to a lesser extent, between organisms of different species.
Robert Malthus (he never called himself Thomas and only used hismiddle name) wrote that population growth could never be more thanfood supply could sustain, and that if popula…tion growth was biggerat any point, famine and disease would reduce it to a level thatthe food supply could sustain. Basically he wrote thatthis would lead to a 'survival of the fittest'. Charles Darwin held that evolution was a process of adaption tochanging circumstances in order to survive; and that only thosespecies would survive that were most successful at adapting. Soalthough he described a different process, he said - just as RobertMalthus did - that it was 'a survival of the fittest'.